How to determine the price of steel products in the market?
The price of hardware and Steel products in general directly affects the price of housing, cars and energy; so it's very important to know how to price them.
The Steel industry plays an important and key role in the production, economy and industrialization of any country. The production of this metal creates many jobs from the stage of extracting iron ore from the mine to production and consumption, and in this way also causes economic prosperity. Cars, buildings, weapons, and power lines are some of the uses of Steel in our daily lives.
The prosperity of shipbuilding, automotive, packaging, transportation, energy production and transmission industries, hard machinery, mining, piping and construction profiles is very influential in the industrial and economic growth and development of Steel in any country.
Given the great importance of Steel in the economy of societies, it is clear that the price of iron and Steel will directly affect all economic dimensions of countries. Various factors affect the final price of iron and steel. In this article, we will discuss how to determine the prices of iron and Steel products. If you are unsure about the cause of fluctuations in Steel products, join us.
Supply and Demand of Steel Products
Supply and demand is one of the most basic concepts and one of the pillars of economics. The supply and demand of Steel ingots, like any other commodity, is the main national base for determining the price of other Steel products and sections.
The current price of iron and Steel as an important commodity is affected by factors such as supply chain of raw materials, production in factories as well as supply of goods in the factory and can have a great impact on the market.
Demand refers to the amount of product or service that is favorable to buyers. In fact, the amount of demand is the amount of product that people are willing to buy at a certain price. The amount of demand for each product depends on factors such as the quality and cost of that product. The number of alternative products available, the amount of advertising and changes in the price of complementary products are all factors that will affect the amount of demand.
Against demand, there is supply. Supply is the amount of product that the manufacturer is willing to supply at a specified price. In fact, supply represents the amount brought to market. The relationship between price and demand reflects the fact that the price of anything is a reflection of supply and demand. In fact, if other factors are equal, the higher the price of a product, the lower the demand for that product.
As the price of a commodity increases, so does the amount of commodity that buyers buy at a higher price. Because as the price of a product increases, so does the opportunity cost (which is the cost of rejecting the best alternative when making a decision). As a result, people will naturally ignore buying that product. On the other hand, the higher the price of goods, the higher the supply. Manufacturers increase supply at higher prices. Because selling a large number of products at a higher price will increase their revenue.
West Asian Rebar Suppliers
The amount of rebar supply is determined by many factors. Factors such as production capacity, production costs such as labor rights, raw materials and the number of competitors directly affect the production and supply of products. Sub-factors such as the availability of raw materials for iron and Steel production, climate and supply chain reliability can also affect the supply of Steel products.
In fact, in general, the higher the price, the lower the demand, and conversely, the lower the price of goods, the higher the demand. But when supply and demand are equal, commodity allocation is at its most efficient. Of course, this equilibrium point can only be achieved in theory, and so in the real world the prices of Steel products are constantly changing depending on fluctuations in supply and demand.
These basic economic concepts and rules apply to any service or commodity, including Steel products. Therefore, we see that in order to determine the price of Steel products in the market, the supply and demand of Steel products should be considered as an important and determining factor.
Prices of rebars and other hardware in the commodity exchange
The commodity market in various sectors of agriculture, industry and petrochemicals has always faced many problems and structural constraints. Most of these problems have been due to the lack of use of new economic tools and the lack of efficient and transparent markets.
In recent years, many efforts have been made to offer industrial, petrochemical and agricultural products on the commodity exchange. The purpose of creating a commodity exchange was to provide a transparent, efficient and deep market for trading. One of the most important industries that has a significant supply in the commodity exchange is the iron and Steel industry.
An important and significant point about the commodity exchange is the possibility of monitoring the income of the products of listed companies, and other important points in this regard are whether they are exported or whether the products of each company are exclusive or not.
The price of rebars and irons in the commodity exchange is done by the supply and demand of iron in it and in a special framework and under the supervision of the Ministry of Silence. Isfahan Mobarakeh Steel, Isfahan Steel, Khorasan Steel Complex, Iron Industries, Azerbaijan Steel and Iranian Alborz Steel are among the most important companies offering Iran Commodity Exchange in the field of iron and steel.
The supply of Steel and iron commodity exchanges includes the supply of all Steel sections, including beams, rebars, angles, studs and ingots. The most important advantage of commodity exchange trading over free buying and selling is the ability to follow and monitor it within the framework of the law.
Why free market is good for others and bad for us?
In recent years, there has been a sharp disagreement among economists between the free market and the grammatical market. A free market is a market in which competition is decisive. In this economic model, there is no intervention by the government or any other source. Free market performance is competitive in the public interest. Because in such a market, the success of any economic player is to satisfy consumers more than its competitors.
Of course, this simple statement is often misunderstood. Because the general perception of people who are not fully acquainted with economics is often that in any trade, the high profit for one party is equal to the loss of the other party.
In this form, you specify the complete and accurate specifications of the product together with the manufacturer of the product, the maximum purchase price and. It is noteworthy that items such as metal products such as rebars are sold with special evidence and conditions to prevent the creation of a black market.
This means that if you want to buy rebar, you can buy it by providing a document such as a building permit and after the purchase request, the buyer's broker examines the possibility of purchasing the requested product. Sometimes the brokerage consults with the manufacturer about the supply of goods if necessary.
To make a purchase, you should know that you have to deposit 10% of the amount of rebar purchased to the brokerage account, this is a ten percent guarantee that the buyer will fulfill his obligations and in case of possible crimes, the brokerage can use 10% of it. Slowly Of course, if there is a need to deduct commission in this purchase, they will deduct from this ten percent.
It is important to note that if the product in question is on the export ring, you must deposit 5% of the total value of the ordered product to the brokerage account. (Rebar is one of the products that are also offered in the export hall)
The broker competes with other brokers at the time of offering the goods in the hall according to the customer's request based on the amount, type, weight, number and amount of rebars, and if the goods are sufficient and at a reasonable price (meaning a reasonable price).
The ceiling is the maximum power that the buyer mentions in the form. After the broker has purchased the rebar for the client, he will provide the buyer with the information and details of the transaction, which include the brokerage fee, stock exchange fees and the law, etc., in an announcement in which these items are mentioned.
Girder (beam) manufacturers in the Middle East
For this reason, great care must be taken in purchasing this product, and in general, beams have different appearance and technical specifications, and in addition to different appearance and technical specifications, beams also have different standards and producing countries, each of which They are used for a specific project and some of them are more popular in the country, and paying attention to them can help you, dear users, in buying and choosing the best type of beam according to your application.
What points should be considered in choosing the best type of beam?
Beam Appearance Characteristics, Before buying, we must have information about the appearance of the beams.
The beams look like the letter H in reverse. The "wing" of the arrow is called the upper and lower part of it and the part that connects the two wings is called its "blade".
The distance from the back to the back of the wings is also called the "web" of the arrow and the size of the arrow The basis of the length of the "web" is announced.
There are three standards for producing this product: IPE, INP and IPB, which you should be familiar with the differences before buying; because each of the standards has its own application.
- INP beam (Chinese and Russian standard)
- INP beams are produced according to the standards of Russia and China, and to detect it, if you look at the beam, the wings are thin at the beginning and thick at the end.
- IPE beam (European and Iranian standard)
- IPE beam is most used in Iran and is produced according to European standards.
In this type of beam, the thickness of the wings is the same at the beginning and end of the product, and the length of each wing is half the length of the beam. This type of beam is more popular in Iran and most of the construction plans in Iran are usually prepared based on IPE beams,
one of the most famous factories producing this type of beam is Isfahan Steel. Size 12 to 30 is produced in Iran and other sizes are offered in the Iranian market under the names of Turkey, Russia and Ukraine.
IPB beam (wide wing)
Beams with IPB standard are also known as wide, wide wings or H and the wingspan is longer than the IPE standard.
Technical specifications of beams
When buying a beam, pay attention to the fact that if the letter V is written after the standard production name, it means that it is heavy, and if the letter L is written, it means that it is light.
Introduction of beam production factories in the Middle East
After knowing the appearance, technical specifications and product standards, you should identify the beam factories and check them in terms of price and quality. Currently, the best and highest quality producer of this product is Isfahan Steel Factory and specifications Isfahan Zobahan beam is technically according to the Stahl table, also its production beam has the best quality and the highest weight.
To identify the beam produced in Isfahan, it is necessary to know that this product has a lot of weight and the ESCO logo, which is at a distance It should be noted that some imported products are sold with a lower weight than Isfahan beams and a lower price, but are of lower quality.
What is the best beam available in the market of Middle East?
According to the above, it can be said that currently the best type of beam available in the Isfahan Steel beam market is in the standard type and its weight is according to the table and the reason for its high price is also This point: the beams imported from Turkey and Korea are almost similar in weight to the products of Isfahan Steel, but they are cheaper. Also, the products of Yazd, Faiko, Nab and Arian factories are light and cheaper than other products.
If you were offered a lower price in the market to buy Isfahan Steel product, you should doubt the authenticity of this product. The first difference between Isfahan Steel beam and other beams is the presence of ESCO mark on the wing of this product.
Stud (Channel beams) Industry in West Asia
Each of these Steel sections is somehow responsible for one of the construction tasks. Studs are one of these Steel sections that are widely used in construction. Its main application is in the construction of trusses, bridges, light Steel structures, beams and columns, etc.
This applicable part is produced and offered in different types and prices. Its price depends on many factors, in the continuation of this article, we will first define the studs and their variety, and then we will examine the price of the studs of this Steel section.
Channel beam is a U-shaped cross-section profile that is considered as a branch with open cross-section profiles. Normally, studs have two wings that are spaced apart at a certain transverse height.
The basis of naming is the distance of the fins from each other. For example, if the distance between the two wings is 6 cm across, it is called a stud grade 6.
Studs are produced in different types, each of which is used for a specific application. In terms of weight, there are channel beams of two types, light and heavy, which are used for the construction of tall and heavy buildings and stairs and the like, while the light type is used for normal and light purposes.
In another category, studs are divided into two categories: mesh and simple. The difference between these two types of studs is in the way they are rolled. Simple studs are produced only by hot rolling and from Hot rolled sheets and are even galvanized if necessary; but lattice studs are rolled hot and cold in both ways.
Another division intended for studs is divided into two categories: press and fabric. Press studs are custom pressed when needed. Fabric studs are distributed in the market according to factory standards in the same way.
What are factors affecting the price of studs?
There are many factors that affect the price of studs, including the type of studs, the grade of studs, and the length of the studs. These factors directly affect the price of studs. Other factors such as quality, manufacturing standards, price fluctuations of hardware, etc. can certainly be factors influencing the price of this widely used profile.
The price of studs in the iron center
The price of studs is not a fixed fee and due to fluctuations in the market, its price changes at any time. The price of this profile is determined according to various indicators, the most important of which is the raw price of hardware.
Therefore, for information on the exact price of studs, it is better to consult with the specialists of the Iron Center. They provide consumers with the final price of studs taking into account all the influencing factors.
What does a stud look like? Studs are one of the most widely used U-shaped profiles in the industry, which are used in different types for different applications.
In general, the type of press is produced by the press method and the type of fabric is removed from the production line as a stud from the producing.
Are there different prices for light and heavy studs?
The price of light and heavy studs also differs from each other. Important factories in the field of production of this product can be mentioned as Shakfteh, Faiko and Nab, which have a high level in terms of quality.
Studs are a versatile and versatile profile that greatly influences the construction process. Therefore, engineers in this field must also calculate the price of studs as a part of the total to estimate construction-related prices.
Steel Angle Or Angle Iron
This hook is installed inside or on the edge of beams and surfaces that cannot withstand the desired load capacity. The Steel angle is usually made of galvanized Steel because it is corrosion resistant and has high tensile strength.
However, the angle is not only used to support the weight of the structure. It is one of the building blocks that can definitely be seen in many objects at work or at home. Of course, this type of angle is not made of galvanized Steel because it will often be used for decoration.
Angle and its other applications
The angle is designed in such a way that it has a very high stability and can withstand a lot of pressure and weight. The Steel angle is usually produced in the form of L (90 degrees) and is used as a frame or to make furniture, load-bearing structures, walls and shelves.
When making furniture, chairs and tables, a metal Steel angle is used as the initial structure and covered with other materials to produce the final product. In this case, the strength and stability of the product will increase in a way that will be suitable for various uses.
Using angles to make dishes, walls, and shelves makes the whole structure more stable.
The angle does not bend or break easily and strengthens the structure in two ways. Angles are very easy to work with and for more stability of the structure, the angles can be connected by welding or bolts.
The thickness of metal angles is determined based on the project and the intended application. Small angles are used when the pressure and weight on the structure is very low; Thicker angles are also used to build walls and beams that support buildings.
The angle is in the category of building metals. Steel and metal are commonly used to repair parts that require high strength and relatively low weight. Steel angles are produced in different sizes and lengths. The L-shape gives it two vertical and horizontal surfaces like a Steel angle and increases the strength of the product in both directions.
These metal parts are used to repair various structural components. For example, angular connection to metal frames increases the strength of the frame. Drill a Steel angle to attach the Steel angle to the wood. A Steel angle is also used to build a fence. In most cases, the Steel angles are welded together to prepare the frame needed to install the fence material.
This method can also be used to build the frameworks needed to hold signs or pieces of art. In this case, an almost rough frame is obtained, which is easily painted.
Price of angle in the Middle East
The angle is also used in construction projects. Installing large angles on the wall and puncture gives the door and window the power to carry the weight coming from the upper wall. This method is also used to make wall shelves. Some projects require special angles. Perforated Steel angles are designed so that they can be easily connected to other components of the structure.
Other types of angles include aluminum angles (to reduce the weight of the structure) and Steel or galvanized angles (corrosion resistant). Coated Steel angles are also easily painted and give a better look to the project.
Despite its relatively low weight, the Steel angle gives a lot of strength to the structure. A drill or welding can be used to connect the Steel angle to the structure. With the necessary tools and skills to use the Steel angle, these parts can be used in different parts of the organization.
Steel Rod Wire And Its Price
Rod wire is one of the most widely used tools in various industries such as carpentry, handicrafts, technical affairs and so on. This material can be used both directly and indirectly in the production of other products. Rod wire is made of only one strand. These wires are very soft and flexible and at the same time have high resistance and they are mentioned as one of the important industrial tools.
Rod wires are divided into two types of fabric wires and non-fabric wires, the first type is caused by the tension and thinning of the round rod and the second type is made of metal belts. In general, there are different types of wire.
In another category, these wires are divided into two categories: black and white rod wire, which we will discuss below:
Black wire (reinforcing wire): Black wire is created during the process of stretching and heating at temperatures above 900 ° C, and this makes this type of wire flexible and soft. Black wire is marketed as coiled or twisted and is easily portable.
Wire is classified into two types in terms of production method, which are fabric wire and tensile wire. Fabric wire, as its name implies, is directly produced in the factory. This type of wire is produced in the factory using hot rolling process and is offered in the market in the same way.
But in the case of tensile wire, after the billets are made of mild steel, they are placed in special rolling machines for tensile wire and gradually cold tensing operations are applied on it. The frequency of cold tensile operations depends on the final desired thickness of the production wire. The thinner the wire, the more cold traction is required.
Although the cold drawing process is not unlike extrusion or work output, because the mold and press machine is used to roll the wire, it is practically called rolled wire or tension wire.
Galvanized wire and its market in West Asia
Galvanized wire (white), which is produced in thicknesses of 1.2 to 4 mm, in the production of fences, gabion net, chicken net, linear and annular barbed wire for fencing gardens and agriculture, as well as in the construction industry, formatting and packaging and hundreds of other items are used.
Rabitz wire is a 1.2 mm thick white wire, which is also called Rabitz wire because of its use for rabbits. This product is also divided in terms of material and production method:
- Type: Based on gender, they are divided into two categories, soft and hard. The amount of carbon in the wire determines the hardness and softness of the wire. The higher the carbon content, the harder the wire and the lower the carbon, the softer the wire.
- Production method: As mentioned before, it is produced in two forms of hot galvanizing and cold galvanizing, which is available in hot type in western Asia and Iran.
The wire scoop is a white wire 1.5 mm thick that is used to scoop the back of granite rocks and is therefore known as wire scoop.
To buy this product, we must pay attention to the thickness of the wire and determine it according to our needs.
Cold rolled sheet
Cold rolling is the stage of operation after hot rolling of Steel sheet. However, before entering the cold rolling process, an acid washing step is performed and an oxide layer is removed from the surface of the sheet and then it is rolled and the thickness of the sheet is reduced.
Cold rolling of the sheet increases its strength and increases its resistance to weight ratio and enables the sheet to have a lower error rate and greater tolerance during the manufacturing and machining stages. In general, cold rolling is used for sanding, smoothing and processing the surface of hot rolled Steel and polishing.
Processes used to optimize surface processing and sizing of cold rolled product sheets include, in particular, chemical or mechanical scaling, cold rolling or sanding, and polishing. This method also increases the hardness and strength of the sheet because it is applied at room temperature and below the temperature of recrystallization.
Hot rolled sheet
Hot rolled sheets are produced by rolling line rollers at high temperatures (usually above 926 ° C, which is higher than the recrystallization temperature of steel). Steels are produced in this method that are resistant to deformation by cold rolling and under tension and pressure, and only during the hot rolling process, they must be melted and deformed again.
By bringing the temperature of Steel above the crystallization temperature, it can be easily shaped and transformed into different sizes. The important point at the temperature required for hot rolling is that the temperature should be spread evenly on the Steel surface so that the roller and its thickness change can be done evenly.
Otherwise, the parts that have received more heat than other parts will be rolled sooner and the shape will not be uniform. Mostly hot rolling stops when the temperature reaches 50 to 100 ° C above the crystallization temperature.
During the hot rolling process, by moving the rollers on the molten metal, it increases its length and decreases its thickness. If it is to be given a very small thickness to the metal, the movement of the rollers does not push the metal forward, but moves back and forth on the metal to reduce its thickness, but the associated costs increase sharply.
Slowly Rolled steels in hot rolling conditions require more leveling, such as plating, or increasing the leveling process to the end of the rolling line to increase layering (volume) in coils with limited capacity. In general, hot rolling may leave imperfections on the surface, such as scales or dents that require sanding and finishing to become a smooth surface.
Hence the quality of hot rolled Steel is lower than cold rolled steel. Hot rolled sheets have a non-shiny surface due to their surface contact with the air atmosphere, which is why they are also known as black sheets in the market. Saba Steel Complex, a producer of hot rolled sheets, is a subsidiary of Mobarakeh Steel Factory, which produces and supplies hot rolled sheets with a thickness of 1.5 to 12.5 mm and a width of 800 to 1560 mm.
Factory sheet or factory fabric sheet, has modified and tidy edges and has standard sizes that if the same sizes are done by the cutting machine in the iron market, the factory is not accurate enough and their size is slightly different.
What is the difference between Hot rolled sheet and cold rolled sheet?
1- Sheet production process
Hot rolled sheet is made during the process of melting metals, the product of which is extracted in the form of rolls. Forms at temperatures above 1000 ° C and is used for large Steel products. Cold rolled sheet is a metal process that is performed at close to normal temperature (room) using rollers. Reduces the thickness of Steel sheets and plates. The hardness of cold rolled Steel is higher than that of hot rolled steel.
2- Price of Hot rolled sheet and cold rolled sheet
The price of cold rolled sheet is twice the price of Hot rolled sheet. In order to produce cold rolled sheets, there is a salt and lubrication step to prepare the sheet to enter the cold rolling stage, which in itself increases the price of cold rolled sheets. Polishing, stretching and sanding are also steps that increase the price of cold rolled sheet.
3- Dimensions of cold rolled sheet and Hot rolled sheet
Black sheets are mostly produced and sold in fabric dimensions. The thickness of black sheets is between 15 to 100 mm. Common dimensions and fabric factory in black sheet are: (1000 × 2000) - (1250 × 2500) - (1000 × 6000) - (1500 × 6000) - (2000 × 6000) Oil sheets that are the same sheet Cold rolled sheets are also available in thicknesses of 1000, 1250, 1500 and 2000 mm.
4- Application of metal sheet
Hot rolled sheets are used in the production of larger products. Hot rolled sheets are prepared in rolls and are used to produce cold rolled sheets. Hot rolled sheets have more flexibility than cold rolled sheets due to its lower carbon content.
5- Hot alloy and cold sheet alloy
Hot rolled sheets with black sheets use ST37 alloy. Cold rolled or oiled sheets are divided into three categories according to its alloy:
- Ordinary sheets with alloy ST12
- Semi-tensile sheets with alloy ST13
- Ultra-stretch sheets with alloy ST14