What are zinc metal’s properties, and its uses?
Zinc (Zn) is a metal found in abundance in the earth's crust and is widely used in industrial and biological applications. Zinc is brittle at room temperature and blue-white. Zinc is commonly found in mineral deposits along with other base metals such as copper and lead sheets.
Zinc is used as a base metal to galvanized steel and is a process to protect the metal against unwanted corrosion. But Zinc alloys, including brass, are critical to a wide range of applications, from corrosion-resistant marine components to musical instruments.
Zinc is found in several ores, the principal ones being Zinc blende (zinc sulfide) and calamine (zinc silicate). The principal mining areas are in China, Australia and Peru. Commercially, Zinc is obtained from its ores by concentrating and roasting the ore, then reducing it to Zinc by heating with carbon or by electrolysis. World production is more than 11 million tonnes a year.
What are the properties of zinc metal?
Strength: It is a weak metal with a tensile strength of less than half that of carbon steel. It is not generally used in bearing applications, although inexpensive mechanical parts can be taken from the mold.
Hardness: Pure Zinc has low hardness and is generally brittle, but Zinc alloys are highly resistant compared to other casting alloys.
Flexibility: Zinc is conductive and flexible at 212 to 302 degrees Fahrenheit. But at high temperatures it becomes brittle. However, this property of flexibility in Zinc alloys is greater than that of pure zinc.
Conductivity: The conductivity of Zinc as a metal is moderate. But its strong electrochemical properties work well in the galvanizing process and alkaline batteries.
Familiarity with the types of purity of Zinc ingots
Important applications of Zinc metal in various industries have caused this material to be produced and supplied by manufacturing factories with different degrees of purity, this material in the automotive industry, kitchen appliances, solder, steel coating, dentistry, flooring, dyeing and manufacturing adhesives, batteries, military industries and the production of weapons and ammunition, cement, kitchen appliances, rubber, leather, health and cosmetics and have a wide range of applications.
Various methods for metal processing and extraction that are extracted in the factories of our country using the method of hydro-metallurgy, each of these grades of this product has different applications and consequently are offered at different prices.
Types of purity of Zinc ingots include; 98.99%, 97.99%, 99.99%, and 99.95%, the increasing use of this metal in the infrastructure, automobile, and wagon industries, has made this special product, in addition to widespread use in domestic industries. To be exported to different parts of the world as important export goods.
What is the zinc metal used for in the world?
It has strong anti-corrosion properties. As a result, about half of the Zinc produced in galvanized Zinc is used, which is the process of adding a thin layer of Zinc to iron or steel to prevent rusting. Gray is used in the automotive, electrical, and hardware industries. Zinc is also used in various alloys such as brass, nickel silver, and aluminum solder.
Zinc oxide is widely used in the manufacture of many products such as paints, rubber, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, plastics, inks, soaps, batteries, textiles, and electrical equipment. Zinc sulfide is used in the manufacture of bright colors, fluorescent lamps, and X-ray screens.
The next use of Zinc is as an alloy. Zinc combines with copper alloys (in the form of brass) and other metals and is used in automobiles, electrical components, and household appliances.
Significant use of Zinc in the production of Zinc oxide (the most important chemical zinc) is used in the production of rubber as well as a skin protective ointment.
Zinc is also important for health. It is an essential element for the proper growth of humans, animals, and plants. The adult human body contains 2 to 3 grams of zinc, which is needed for the proper functioning of the body's enzymes and the immune system. It is also important for taste, smell, and inflammatory wounds.
Where is the important Asian factory for export zinc ingots?
Zinc metal is one of the most widely used metals that has special uses and many meanings of this valuable material can be found in different parts of the world. Mining Zinc from mines and producing ingots from it involves different and complex steps. Shahrekord Export is a producer of this special product with modern world standards and different grades.
Export of pure Zinc ingots from the Middle East to the all over world
Middle Eastern countries are the main centers of Zinc ingot production and with the largest mines of widely used Zinc metal in the region has been able to supply raw materials for important industries in these countries, including Iran.
The convenient location and proximity to these countries, as well as the reduction of transportation costs, have attracted the attention of exporters in this field. The production of this special export product under international standards in the factories of this province is a reason for increasing demand It is in domestic and foreign markets, this economical and valuable commodity, can be recycled in all stages of production and consumption, and even its waste is used to produce various products.
The basic properties of this metal include; ductility, high resistance to corrosion, low melting point, strength, electrochemical properties, etc., makes it widely used in various fields and its use in the production of various alloys.
Large and factories for the production and processing of this strategic product, in addition to meeting the needs of domestic industries, have been able to export a large part of its products to global markets.
Sales and market of zinc metal in the Middle East
Zinc is a metal with the abbreviation Zn and atomic number 30 and is in the category of basic metals. Zinc is the fourth most widely used metal in the world after iron, aluminum, and copper and has four isotopes. Zinc is the twenty-third element in the earth's crust in terms of abundance.
Many of the heavy minerals extracted contain 10% iron and 40-50% zinc. The mines from which Zinc is extracted include sphacrit, Boland, sonite, calamine, and franklinite. So far, about 60 types of Zinc minerals are known. Zinc does not exist naturally. Of these, Zinc sulfide, known as sphalerite or Bland (ZnS), is the most important mineral.
Other important minerals of Zinc include Smith Znite ZnCO3, Hemorphite (Zn4Si2O7 (OH and Zenith) (ZnO). Iran with rich Zinc mines in Zanjan, Yazd, Kerman Semnan is one of the countries producing and exporting Zinc metal, with estimated total global reserves of 1 billion and 900 million tons, of which 480 million tons are potential reserves and 250 million tons are definitive reserves.
The rest of the projected reserves are Iran, which ranks third in the world in Zinc reserves, while the country's Zinc production is not balanced by world production in the next three years. Global Zinc prices will rise, he said, hoping that in the next three years, global Zinc prices with a base of $ 2,300 will make the industry more prosperous in the world and Iran.
Announced the investment of 12 thousand billion rials in the collection of these companies and said: investment of three thousand billion rials for the production of BZS, nickel, cadmium, and cobalt, SO flotation, production of Zamak alloy, construction of the Wales furnace, construction Wow The flotation limit of Chah Mir mine, production of filter press plates, Zinc carbonate (nano), calcium carbonate (nano), Zinc oxide (nano), construction of coal washing plant and production of hydrated lime are in the priority of the programs.
Iran's lead and Zinc industry is the largest group of lead and Zinc industry companies in the Middle East, with the richest (Angoran) and largest (Mehdiabad) lead and Zinc mines in the world and the Middle East located in Iran.
How to buy different types of zinc ingots from asia
To buy Zinc ingots, it is better to know Zinc metal first. Zinc is seen in silver-blue. Zinc metal is used in many places. This metal is found in large quantities in the earth's crust. It has many applications in both industry and biological processes.
Zinc metal is used in galvanized steel. The most important application of Zinc metal is used to protect the corrosion of steel products and has an anti-corrosion process.
Buy all kinds of Zinc ingots
Zinc alloy is very abundant and one of these alloys is brass which is used in many places. Zinc and Zinc alloys are used in corrosion-resistant marine parts to musical instruments. Ingots are one of the least expensive forms of metal and are widely used. Ingots are one of the types of ingots.
Zinc ingots are created using the sublimation and crystallization process and other processes. To buy Zinc ingots, it is better to first know the types of Zinc ingots and then proceed according to your needs. Types of Zinc ingots are: Pure Zinc ingots / 99.99 Zinc ingots / 99.98 Zinc ingots / 99.97 Zinc ingots / 25 kg Zinc ingots
How to Demand Zinc Ingots from Middle East Factories?
Each type of Zinc ingot has many uses and different prices. To buy Zinc ingots, it is better to contact reputable sellers of these products and be informed about the prices of different types of ingots and they will guide you when buying.
Buy Zinc ingots industrially. Zinc ingots are sold in bulk and high weights. The price of these ingots depends on the type of consumption you have. The higher the purity, the higher the price.
To buy Zinc ingots, contact reputable companies and familiar names and buy. Applications of Zinc metal in construction and transportation industries; it is used for food or even in electrical and electronic appliances. Zinc ingots are produced in various countries, including Iran, South Korea, Canada, and other countries, and exported to all parts of the world.
What is the largest and most modern ingot factory in the Middle East?
The opening of several factories in West Asia, especially Iran, and the production of 99.99-grade ingots, as well as the export of ingots from these factories, has made it one of the largest quality producers in the world. European markets are happy with Zinc producers and exporters, as the only producers and exporters of high-quality zinc, increase their production to 99.99, which is desirable for foreign and domestic markets.
To which countries have the products of Zinc ingots exported from West Asian countries?
In the first step, the products of these companies have been sent to Spain, Turkey, and Belgium, as Belgium is one of the largest producers of quality Zinc in the world, and this makes us proud to raise the name of Middle Eastern exporters at the top of the Zinc industry.
About Zinc ingots to Belgium, there are another 600 tons of demand from the same country that must be delivered, and other European countries have also expressed a serious desire to receive our products, which is about 1,200 tons per month to export to European countries in the program that it is almost operational.
What is the situation of the zinc industry in the Middle East?
The situation of the Zinc industry in West Asian countries, both quantitatively and qualitatively, is very good and commendable, considering the time that this industry has been established in the countries. Of course, considering the age of about 23 years, this industry has seen many ups and downs and has been repeatedly disrespected by the authorities, including increasing the price of consumables without considering the staggering price reduction.
Zinc ingots in the world (LME) (from $ 317 to $ 720) in the past and the instability and volatility of government policy in the field of mining management and mineral distribution.
For example, receiving 30% duties for the export of ingots, while receiving 4% duties for importing the same goods, paying export bonuses to exporters of minerals and Zinc concentrate, while the minerals in the country do not cover the consumption of domestic factories and the shortage is quite noticeable.
The collapse of the mine wall was a double problem that put serious stress on the industry, reducing unit production by one-third.
Currently, the shortage of sulfuric acid, which is one of the most basic needs of the Zinc industry, has caused serious problems for the industry, with several factories closing down due to lack of acid, but Middle Eastern factories continue to produce and export Zinc ingots.
The industry is concerned about the state of the mine and the distribution of minerals commensurate with the production capacity of factories. The only solution currently proposed is to pay special attention to the mine and use modern high-capacity tools, equipment, and machinery, use external and internal mining experts, speed up the operation of clearing and tailing and extraction of high-quality minerals.
What is the forecast for the future of the zinc industry and the price of zinc?
- What is the production capacity of Zinc ingots in Middle Eastern countries?
- How many factories are active in the Middle East?
Thanks to the efforts of craftsmen and activists in the lead and Zinc industry, the situation of the Zinc industry is good if the raw materials of the factories are supplied. According to the information available, the price of Zinc will fluctuate between $ 3,200 and $ 3,800 this year.
For example, in some west Asian country's production capacity this year is 300,000 tons of Zinc ingots, which are produced by 58 factories in the country, of which 7 factories are covered by Iran Zinc Mines Development Company and the remaining (51) factories as a private joint-stock company in a completely private manner.
They are managed and have 55% of Iran's production. If the minerals are supplied with a suitable grade and in sufficient quantity, this will be achieved. Zinc ingots are produced in the country and the only specialized industrial town in the country with 40 factories is located in Zanjan.
Five roles of zinc metal in health and importance of zinc in human body
Many researchers are constantly finding plans to support it. Let's learn a little more about the applications of Zinc metal.
Zinc and intestinal helper
Research shows that Zinc plays a promising role in improving intestinal abnormalities. In recent animal studies, researchers found that mental deficiency alters the diversity and accumulation of microbes in the gut. This information could have new applications for examining intestinal bacterial conditions.
Zinc is also useful for patients with digestive problems such as acid reflux and irritable bowel syndrome. Intestinal problems are prevalent in communities, and a trained nutritionist should be consulted to evaluate the effects of nutrition on gastrointestinal health.
Strengthen the immune system with zinc
People with Zinc deficiency are more prone to pathogens and infections. Zinc metal reduces cell inflammation, protects immune system lymphocytes (white blood cells), and prevents cellular oxidation.
Research into this popular notion that Zinc can reduce the risk of colds has been promising but has yet to be conclusive. It is better to use cold candies and breast syrups and avoid breathing sprays and gels because they cause a loss of sense of smell.
Fertility and pregnancy support
Researchers do not know exactly how Zinc protects fertility, but what is clear is the importance of this mineral: there is a direct relationship between the number of sperm in men and the amount of Zinc in the sperm, in other words, men who have less sperm have less Zinc in them. Their sperm is found. Zinc can also increase testosterone levels, which stimulates sperm, and appears to protect eggs and sperm from oxidative stress and inflammation.
Research has shown that adequate Zinc in pregnant women reduces the risk of preterm birth by 14% and that women who go to the hospital for preterm birth have lower Zinc concentrations in their blood than those who give birth on time.
Zinc is needed during pregnancy to regulate chromosomal structures and gene formation, and the placenta in a woman's uterus needs Zinc to regulate fetal cells.
Protection of skin health
About 6% of the Zinc stored in your body is found in the outer layer of the skin and its underlying layers and plays an important role in the normal growth of the skin and wound healing. Zinc deficiency often causes skin disorders.
Researchers have found that patients with acne, psoriasis, and other skin conditions, despite normal levels of Zinc in the tissues, are deficient in Zinc in their dermis and epidermis. Also, other research shows that dietary Zinc is effective in treating inflammatory acne.
Protecting mental and emotional health
While physicians have been directly linked to depression and Zinc deficiency since the 1950s, a recent study found that almost one-third of all patients with depression and half of the patients with other mental disorders also have a Zinc deficiency.
Researchers are paying close attention to the effect of Zinc concentration on the hippocampus (the center of mood and memory control in the brain). Because Zinc increases its anti-inflammatory and immune properties, some believe it can protect the hippocampus from the effects of excessive stress and oxidation.