Georgia

MARKET OF GEORGIA

GEORGIAN MARKET OVERVIEW

Georgia is one of the countries on the border of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Georgia is a developing country with. The most important business sectors in Georgia are industrial, agriculture, tourism and construction. Imports from Georgia to Iran are limited to certain products, one of the most important of which is the import of meat from Georgia. Georgia's position on the road to Europe and its strategic situation and tax laws in the field of foreign investment are considerable. Imports and exports to Georgia have special attractions for many countries in the region, especially neighboring countries. Customs duties and taxes must be paid on any goods entering Georgia.

Where is Georgia? What is Area and population of Georgia?

Georgia is one of the countries on the border of Western Asia and Eastern Europe
Georgia is one of the countries on the border of Western Asia and Eastern Europe

Georgia is trying to be recognized as a member of the European Union and located in the east of the Black Sea and is known as one of the most attractive tourist countries in the world. Georgia tour is one of the most popular foreign tours among Iranians. 

If you've never been to Georgia, you'll definitely want to know where it's located in this vast world. Georgia, like Turkey, is a Eurasian country, meaning that part of it is located in Asia and part in Europe.

According to geographical studies, the country is located in the Caucasus region and borders Russia in the northern parts. The Republic of Azerbaijan, as one of the Muslim countries, is located in the neighborhood of this country and in the east and southeast of this country. Turkey and Armenia are also in southern Georgia. The western parts are also adjacent to the Black Sea.

Area and population of Georgia
Georgia is one of the smallest countries in terms of population and area. Of course, this rate is very significant in relation to a country like Iran, because many countries are not much different in terms of area and population with Georgia. With an area of ​​69,700 square kilometers, the population was 3,700,000 at the last census, and it is interesting to note that approximately 45% of the country's population lives in Tbilisi.

A significant part of the country's area is dedicated to high mountains, rivers, beaches and other tourist attractions. There are 65 people per square kilometer in this country and it can be said that the population density in this country is very low. Of course, we should not ignore the fact that the high population of Tbilisi has caused the population density in the capital to be very high. Some days of the year face semi-heavy traffic.

The capital of Georgia
Tbilisi is the name of the city that has been chosen as the capital of Georgia. The city is made of a beautiful architecture that is a combination of streets and modern and old buildings and has an extremely beautiful view. There are so many historical and natural attractions in this city that they cannot be summarized in one short topic. Tbilisi means hot springs and the name is derived from the hot springs that can be seen throughout the city.

One of the most beautiful natural attractions in the city is the Ker River, which flows through the city and divides the city of Tbilisi into two parts. Tbilisi is located on the Silk Road and has been one of the most important communication routes between the West and the East since ancient times. The city of Tbilisi has semi-cold winters, so it is better to have a suitable plan for traveling to this country in other seasons of the year.

Language, religion, economy and politics of Georgia

Georgia is a developing country with
Georgia is a developing country with

Georgians speak Georgian. Georgia is one of the oldest and most original languages ​​in the world, so it is said that this language can be considered one of the ten languages ​​that humans first spoke. Their script is also derived from the originality of the language and is known as Georgian script.

The official religion in Georgia, like in Europe, is Christianity, except that the religion of most people is Orthodox and makes up 83% of the population. The proportion of Muslims in this country is about ten percent.

The difference between the Shiite and Sunni populations is not significant. About four percent of the population is Christian and Armenian, but Catholics are few and far between, and less than one percent.

Politics in Georgia
In the Socialist Republic of Georgia, the president is both the head of state and the head of government. The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The prime minister is also in charge of some ministries.

The country's legislature has 235 seats, elected by popular vote for a five-year term.

People of Georgia
The population of this country is 4,630,000 people with an average age of 38 years. Population growth in this country is negative. Life expectancy is 80 years for women and 73 years for men.

The official language of this country is Georgian, which also has its own alphabet. About 84% of the people in this country are Orthodox Christians and 10% are Muslims.

Economy in Georgia
The country's GDP is $ 19.65 billion. Two million and 20 thousand people make up its labor force. The unemployment rate in this country is 13.6%. About 31% of people live below the poverty line. In 2007, the inflation rate was 11 percent.

Its export products include scrap iron, mineral water, iron ore, vehicles, fruits and nuts, which are exported to Turkey, Azerbaijan, Russia, Armenia, Turkmenistan, Bulgaria, USA, Ukraine, Canada and Germany.

Its imported products include fuel, vehicles, machinery, legumes and other foodstuffs and medicines imported from Russia, Turkey, Germany, Ukraine and Azerbaijan.

The best trade in Georgia

The most important business sectors in Georgia are industrial, agriculture, tourism and construction
The most important business sectors in Georgia are industrial, agriculture, tourism and construction

The best business in Georgia is very unprofessional, regardless of the working capital. 

The most important business sectors in Georgia are:

  • Industrial
  • Agriculture
  • Tourism
  • Construction

Currently, most Iranians living in Georgia work in the real estate industry

  • Some are building property
  • Some are buying and selling
  • A number as a real estate consultant

They work, but the construction industry is only a small part of the business opportunities in Georgia.

  • Export of goods from Iran to Georgia
  • Agriculture, especially the packaging of agricultural products
  • Cafes and restaurants in Tbilisi and Batumi
  • Aviculture

Georgia's economic system is a free economic system. In Georgia, the cost of advertising for an individual may exceed many of the costs of exporting or importing and producing goods. In a free economy, owning any goods is not a privilege. Therefore, it is produced if it has a good consumer. 

It should be noted that in Georgia, the highest cost is spent on advertising goods for sale, and sometimes the cost of advertising may be more than the cost of producing goods. Imports from Georgia to Iran have been slightly higher in recent years. Recent international sanctions have made it difficult for imports and exports to enter the country.

Conditions for importing meat from Georgia
Imports from Georgia to Iran are limited to certain products, one of the most important of which is the import of meat from Georgia. Iran imports about $ 40 million worth of goods from Georgia. These goods include Georgian wood, especially beech wood, ferro-manganese, freshly dried walnuts, tractors and machines, metal turning and ironwork for construction work. 

Imports from Georgia to Iran can be pursued on a larger scale and include a variety of goods. This country, like Iran, has more potential for exporting its goods, but because both countries do not create favorable conditions for economic exchanges in this field and the economic delegations of both countries are not fully aware of each other's investments, these cases do not seriously pursued. 

In recent years, agreements have been reached between Tehran and Tbilisi to eliminate taxes and encourage investment in air, land and sea transport. Iran is working to diversify transit routes to transport its cargo to this country and import from this country to Iran, and considers this country a suitable alternative route for transporting cargo to Europe.

Conditions for importing from Georgia

Imports from Georgia to Iran are limited to certain products, one of the most important of which is the import of meat from Georgia
Imports from Georgia to Iran are limited to certain products, one of the most important of which is the import of meat from Georgia

Imports from Georgia to Iran are limited to certain products, one of the most important of which is the import of meat from Georgia. Iran imports about $ 40 million worth of goods from Georgia. These goods include Georgian wood, especially beech wood, ferro-manganese, freshly dried walnuts, tractors and machines, metal turning and ironwork for construction work. Imports from Georgia to Iran can be pursued on a larger scale and include a variety of goods. 

This country, like Iran, has more potential for exporting its goods, but because both countries do not create favorable conditions for economic exchanges in this field and the economic delegations of both countries are not fully aware of each other's investments, these cases do not seriously pursued. 

In recent years, agreements have been reached between Tehran and Tbilisi to eliminate taxes and encourage investment in air, land and sea transport. Iran is working to diversify transit routes to transport its cargo to this country and import from this country to Iran, and considers this country a suitable alternative route for transporting cargo to Europe.

Car imports from Georgia
Currently, imports from Georgia to Iran include products such as Georgian beech wood, ferromanganese, walnuts, tractors, special machines for metalworking, car imports from Georgia, scrap iron, beams for housing construction, and so on. 

Most of Iran's exports to Georgia have been items such as bitumen, fuel oil, coke and various oil and petrochemical products, agricultural products such as summer vegetables, garlic, onions, potatoes, vegetables and household appliances.

When it comes to importing cars from Georgia, the first question that may come to mind is why we should import cars from Georgia, the answer to which is the lower cost of cars in Georgia than in Iran. The car industry in this country has undergone a very interesting trend in recent years, and ultimately leads to a very low final price for the buyer, as a result of which, the car export market from Georgia is hot.

Iran is no exception and many people and businessmen are looking to import a car from Georgia. Note that if you want to buy a car and import it into the country, you or your chosen legal representative should Travel to this country and go through all the steps and legal affairs properly.

Imports from Georgia to Iran include the products mentioned in the above sections of the text. But in general, it should be known that imports from this country include authorized goods, the import or export of which requires compliance with the rules and does not require a license. Another type of import of goods is conditional goods, which can be exported and imported with a license. 

This type of product is like wheat or films that require a license to enter. Another type of product is prohibited goods, the export and import of which is prohibited according to Islamic law, on the basis of their purchase and sale, and by law. For this type of goods, we can use alcohol as an example.

Import of live cattle from Georgia
In recent years, due to the production of live cattle in this country, many Iranian traders have imported live cattle from Georgia, which has special conditions. It should be noted that imports from this country do not include non-standard goods. Because products may be offered at low prices that are not of good quality or do not meet the required standard. 

In order to import industrial goods, it is necessary to ensure after-sales service. In this regard, the reasons for low prices for imported goods should be investigated and products should be purchased from reputable representatives and manufacturers who are introduced by the main manufacturers. Georgia's political stability and security is one of the things that can be useful for businessmen who work in the field of importing or exporting to this country.

Import of Georgian wood
Wood is considered as one of the most important raw materials in the world, which is the main base of many important industries and large quantities of it are imported to other countries annually by source countries that can be exported. 

Beech wood is one of the most famous and practical woods that is used all over the world and many users. Georgia is one of the countries that exports beech wood and earns a lot of money every year.

Advantages of importing goods from Georgia

Georgia's position on the road to Europe and its strategic situation and tax laws in the field of foreign investment are considerable
Georgia's position on the road to Europe and its strategic situation and tax laws in the field of foreign investment are considerable

Georgia's position on the road to Europe and its strategic situation and tax laws in the field of foreign investment, as well as allowing the return of investor profits abroad are some of the issues that can be raised in this regard. Studies show that strengthening trade relations between the two countries and removing some international barriers to exports and imports to these two countries can strengthen their economies and provide a good platform for sending goods to both countries. Provide.

The most important problems of importing from Georgia
Given that imports from this country posed many problems for Iranian businessmen and traders at the time of the sanctions, such as the lack of an account and the lack of money transfers from Georgia to Iran, with the formation of Iran's nuclear deal with the European Union and the world, the platforms for importing from Georgia to Iran and exporting to this country became easier. 

The Guide to Trade Laws on Imports from Georgia to Iran and Exports to Georgia is contained in Resolution 35 of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Georgia, adopted on January 23, 1995. The decree sets out the ministries and policy-making bodies responsible for importing and exporting to Georgia, the list of licensed and illegal goods, and the export and import goods that must be licensed. 

Customs regulations, taxes and duties related to Iran and the export of goods are not prohibited, but tax exemptions are provided for imports from Georgia to Iran for the import of medicine, medical equipment, chemicals and food products. Production of industrial goods such as electric motors, agricultural equipment, artificial textiles, Chinese products, industry, and machinery increased in 1993. But due to the lack of updating in the field of production of these types of industries, the recession in their field in the economy became more and more.

Imports of goods from Georgia to Iran include the limited items mentioned above. However, the economic context of the relations between the two countries has a much higher capacity that needs to be planned. Understanding the economic context of this type of relationship can strengthen Iran's exports to Georgia.

Exports to Georgia; The total volume of trade between Iran and Georgia per year is estimated at about $ 150 million, which is a small figure, and it is clear from these statistics that Iran is not one of Georgia's trading partners, the main reason being the lack of a strong organization and it is organized like the Iran-Georgia Chamber of Commerce and as a result, Iranian businessmen are not familiar with Georgian goods and import and export conditions, as well as Georgians are not familiar with Iranian products.

Imports and exports to Georgia

Imports and exports to Georgia have special attractions for many countries in the region, especially neighboring countries
Imports and exports to Georgia have special attractions for many countries in the region, especially neighboring countries

Although there is currently an Iran-Georgia Chamber of Commerce, they do not have much activity to increase trade between Iran and Georgia, and a few months ago, due to some internal conflicts in the Iran-Georgia Chamber of Commerce between its head of two countries, it is not a strong organization.

Export to Georgia, a comprehensive guide to entering the Georgian market
The Chamber of Commerce should be an organization that avoids any business dealings with its members, but unfortunately we see that the Chamber of Commerce itself does legal work for Iranian businessmen, such as registering a company and obtaining a residence permit in Georgia, which is not their specialty.

Most of Iran's exports to Georgia include: bitumen, fuel oil, coke and various petroleum and petrochemical derivatives, construction materials, agricultural products including: summer vegetables, garlic, onions, potatoes, as well as pistachios and vegetables (International exhibition of Agricultural Companies), a variety of home appliances and so on, if the potential of Iran to export to Georgia is much higher than this amount.

Exports to Georgia; The situation of Iran's exports to Georgia
Imports and exports to Georgia are among the things that many traders and businessmen want to know about. Different countries of the world, on the one hand to meet their domestic needs, and on the other hand to increase national income, import goods and services from other countries and export their goods and services to other countries.

If you intend to carry out industrial activities or export and import in Georgia, it is better to register a company in the ports of this free zone. By doing this, you can reduce many costs and your export and import process will be easier.

One of the reasons for the country's growing economic trend is the economic reforms that have taken place in this country in the last decade.

Imports and exports to Georgia have special attractions for many countries in the region, especially neighboring countries, and in January 2019, Georgia's foreign trade amounted to $ 826.8 million, which is 1.1% more than in the same period in January 2018. Increased by 2%.

Georgia's exports to the Commonwealth of Independent States increased by 55.2% year on year to $ 125.4 million, and 26 million bottles of Georgian wine were exported in 2019.

Georgia Customs Law; Exports to Georgia and its tariffs

Customs duties and taxes must be paid on any goods entering Georgia
Customs duties and taxes must be paid on any goods entering Georgia

The export of any product from Georgia is exempt from any taxes and duties. The customs tariff is calculated and collected according to the value of the goods that pass through the customs of this country.

Goods whose import duty is five percent:

  • Cosmetics
  • Types of perfumes
  • Soap
  • wax
  • Stationery
  • Types of gloves
  • Electric post
  • Copper
  • polymer
  • Plastic sheets
  • Video and audio tapes
  • Metal and non-metal doors and windows
  • Goods whose import duty is 12%:
  • Honey
  • Mushrooms
  • Walnut
  • Saffron
  • Tea
  • Nuts
  • Raisins
  • mineral water
  • Canned food
  • Types of jams
  • Types of eggs
  • Types of beans
  • Types of citrus
  • Dried fruits
  • A variety of fruits and juices
  • Sugar and sugar products
  • Any type of live poultry, including chickens and roosters
  • Beef and mutton (hot, cold)
  • Dairy products (milk, cream, etc.)
  • Vegetables include (onions, potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, cabbage, etc.).
  • Sausages
  • Tobacco types
  • Types of detergents
  • Types of flooring
  • All kinds of sanitary ware
  • A variety of dishes
  • Types of clothing
  • Types of paper and cardboard
  • Types of tanks
  • Types of metal sheets
  • A variety of door and window molds
  • All kinds of precious metals and jewelry
  • A variety of products made of wood
  • A variety of construction machinery
  • Types of soil, stone, cement, lime and so on
  • Petroleum products such as bitumen and other tools for asphalt
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