Where is Iran?
With the official name of the Islamic Republic of Iran, it is a country in West Asia. With an area of 1,648,195 square kilometers, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East. Iran to the northwest with Armenia and Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast with Turkmenistan, to the east with Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman, and the west by Iraq and Turkey is a border.
The Middle East country has a strategic position in the Persian Gulf region, and the Strait of Hormuz to its south is a vital route for crude oil transportation. The total population of Iran's provinces exceeds 83.5 million and Tehran is the capital and most populous city of this country. Iran has a society with different ethnicities and cultures, and the dominant ethnic and cultural group of this country is derived from its Persian speakers.
Besides them, there are other ethnicities, such as the densely populated Azeri and Kurdish ethnic groups. The constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran declares Shiite Islam the official religion of Iran, and the majority of the people of this country are followers of this religion. Its official language is Persian, and present-day Iran is an Islamic republic with a legislature, and its combined system is under the leadership of its leader, Seyyed Ali Khamenei.
Iran is a founding member of the United Nations, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and OPEC, and is considered a regional power. Iran has significant infrastructure in the service, industrial and agricultural sectors that empower its economy, but it still relies on oil and gas sales and suffers from corruption.
Iran's natural resources are vast, and it is the third-largest holder of proven oil reserves among OPEC members. The cultural heritage of this country is rich and the UNESCO World Heritage List in Iran consists of 25 items.
What are Mines, Plant products and Industry of Iran?
Iran's important mines are oil and gas. Iran is the world's fourth-largest oil producer, with 9.4 percent of the world's proven 157 billion barrels of proven oil reserves, and the world's first-largest gas reserves with 18 percent of the world's proven gas reserves, or 33 percent. It has 6 trillion cubic meters, but in total oil and gas reserves, Iran with 379 billion barrels of crude oil equivalent, ranks first in this field. The most important oil areas of Masjed Soleiman Haftgol are Gachsaran Agha Jari and Shahabad (west). Qom oil is also being extracted.
Other important mines of the country are coal mines, metal ores: gold, manganese, chromite, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, cobalt, silver, and iron, chemical minerals: salt, decorative stones, sand.
In 1978, the most important and several metal mines in Iran were as follows: lead and zinc, copper, chromite, red soil, and iron ore. Also in the same year, important non-metallic mines and a number that have been exploited are coal, marble, travertine, kaolin, silica turquoise, mineral pumice bentonite, barite, dolomite, refractory, alum, talc, feldspar, gypsum, bicarbonate.
Iranian vegetable products are wheat, barley, rice, corn, chickpeas, beans, mung bean, lentils, tobacco, cotton, hemp, sugarcane, and all fruit trees. Fishing, pearl fishing, wildlife, and poultry farming, silkworm, and bee farming, and mushroom farming are also common.
The main industries of the country are: oil, gas, petrochemical, steel, textile, chemical, food, automobile, electrical and electronic industries, as well as important handicrafts, household and traditional industries of the country are: carpets and rugs, kilims and pillows, carving, inlaying, and pottery.
Iran's transportation routes
Roads and vehicles are also important. Railway all over Iran from the Persian Gulf to the Caspian Sea (see also Mazandaran Railway) Tehran Railway to Mashhad Railway Tehran to Tabriz Tehran to Kashan, Bandar Abbas Railway to Tehran and Bandar Abbas to Sarakhs Railway which is in operation and Other roads under construction. Highways connect all cities. Shipping routes are in the Caspian Sea, the Sea of Oman, and the Persian Gulf. There are air routes between most of the world's major countries and Iran's top cities.
Transport of goods by air traffic
Container transport of goods (LCL and FCL)
Beocontrol offers the best solutions for air transport – quickly, safely and conveniently. Whether it’s a charter shipment or a shipment on a regular line, we have the right offer for you. Our team follows the shipment 24/7 and will give you feedback on arrival, as well as the current status of the shipment.
The Beocontrol transport services company organizes the door-to-door principle, “from port to port” and “from airport to airport”. Our company will take your goods at the agreed address and arrange rail or road transport to the nearest airport or port. Our team or our associates will organize the goods loading, as well as its landing at the destination, from where it will be delivered to the recipient’s address.
Container Container Transportation (LCL)
Aggregate Container Transportation (LCL) allows for a convenient and reliable transport of smaller quantities of goods in long distances. When the shipment requires only part of the container space, when it is important to the client that the transportation costs are low, and the transit delivery time is less important, the optimal solution is – overseas aggregate container transport (LCL).
Transport of full containers (FCL)
Transport of full containers (FCL) includes a range of activities: from contracting the lease of space on a container ship with a broker and coordinating the delivery of empty containers to the place of loading, through the organization of the filling of the bill, the organization of the export customs clearance and the transfer of the filled container to the shipping agent at the container terminal in the port of delivery , to monitoring the movement of the ship all the way to the port of disembarkation and organization of goods unloading – overseas transport of full containers (FCL) is our specialty.
The Customs of the Islamic Republic of Iran
The Customs of the Islamic Republic of Iran plays a pivotal and restrictive role in the country's entry and exit as the country's economic frontier. Import and transit of goods and collection of import duties, customs duties and related taxes, technical requirements, and trade facilitation. The Customs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, to perform its legal duties, determines the levels of executive units required without observing the rules and divisions of the country and Article 1 of the Civil Service Management Law, in proportion to the volume and type of activities.
The assigned missions are prepared by the Customs of the Islamic Republic of Iran and after the approval of the Minister of Economic Affairs and Finance, are approved by the Council of Ministers. The Customs of the Islamic Republic of Iran include the Central Headquarters of the Iranian Customs and the Customs and Enforcement Customs. It is as follows:
a) Applying government policies in the field of export and import and transit of goods
b) Recognition and collection of import duties and other legally receivable funds by the Iranian Customs
c) Carrying out legal formalities for clearance and delivery of goods to the owner or representative His legality and review of clearance documents in order to verify the conditions of clearance and receipt of deductions received or refund of excess receipts - control and supervision of the passage of goods through the territory of the country Customs regulations on exemptions and prohibitions in the sector Definitive exports, temporary exports, definitive imports, temporary imports, cabotage, internal transit of goods, transfers, border clearing transactions, free shops, political packages and couriers, and international mail. And customs smuggling, abandoned and confiscated goods
h) Predicting and providing the infrastructure needed to implement and deploy new systems, procedures, and methods such as a single-window in customs activities x- Collecting, analyzing and publishing import and export statistics
d) Examining and recognizing the obstacles of the customs system and planning to the extent of eliminating them. Inspecting the actions and behavior of customs employees, detecting their violations and administrative faults, inspecting customs executive units and supervising their performance, and organizing the quantity and quality of entry and exit points. And the owner of the goods following the relevant laws and regulations - Expanding international relations, concluding bilateral and multilateral customs agreements and agreements, membership and active interaction with international and customs organizations in compliance with the seventy-seventh principle (1) (Constitution and related laws.
Observing the recommendations of the World Customs Organization, contract) And agreements concluded or exchanged within the framework of relevant laws and regulations; Advanced tools to increase efficiency and improve customs formalities - Provide necessary arrangements to facilitate trade, encourage exports and expand the passage of goods - Facilitate customs processes for tourism development - Perform other customs duties under this law or and Regulation.
How is export And import of Iran?
Referring to the products exported from the border with Turkey, the Director General of Bazargan Customs said: In the first seven months of this year, more than $ 2 billion worth of goods have been exported from Bazargan.
According to Eqtesadonline, quoting Fars, Mojtaba Bazgir, referring to the performance statistics of Bazargan Customs in the first 7 months of 1999, said: "During this period, there were over 135 million dollars of definite exports, which weighed 53,000 tons. Compared to the same period last year, in terms of weight, it has decreased by 43% and in terms of value, it has decreased by 57%.
The Director General of Bazargan Customs clarified about the export of other customs from Bazargan: 1 billion and 939 million dollars’ worth of exports were made, which weighed 366 thousand and 556 tons, and he also stated about the import: 203 million dollars during this period The dollar of goods has entered the country, which shows a decrease of 49% in weight and 46% in value compared to the same period of the previous year.
Referring to the customs procedures in Bazargan, Bazgir addressed foreign, domestic and carnet transit and reminded: each of these sectors has an origin and a destination. In total, the value of foreign transit was $ 925 million, and we had $ 62 million to domestic customs for the transit of goods.
The Director General of Bazargan Customs said that the main reason for the decline in transit, exports and imports was the prevalence of the corona in the world and the economic situation, adding: "In seven months, a total of 78,120 trucks, trailers, buses and passengers were registered." An average of 360 trucks and trailers pass through Bazargan customs daily.
Bazgir also stated about Bazargan customs revenues: Due to the decrease in exports, imports and transit due to the outbreak of Corona virus, a 35% decrease in revenue is observed compared to the same period of the previous year, 1998, and reached 158 billion Tomans.
Regarding the main export goods, he said: Petrochemical products including industrial and motor oils, paraffin, grease, vegetable products, agricultural products including watermelon, melon, grapes, peanuts, garlic, dates, dried fruits, garlic and Licorice extract, vegetables, apple leaves, stone products, ceramics and glassware, scrap and scrap iron and steel textile products are among them.
Regarding imported goods, Mechanical equipment and parts, machinery and electrical appliances, iron and steel products, plastics, paint and ink extracts, land vehicles, textiles, embroidery and crochet products, aluminum and rubber products Includes nickel, non-ferrous metals, weld metal ores and other items.