What are chemicals?
Chemicals are substances that have a fixed composition and specific properties. In general, Chemicals cannot be easily separated by physical separation methods. You cannot easily identify its components without breaking down the elements and compositions of materials.
These substances are in the form of chemical compounds, chemical elements, ions, or alloys and are present in four forms: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Most of the products that are produced in different factories and industries today are chemicals. Chemicals are substances that have certain chemical compositions. Chemical compounds include chemical elements, ions, and alloys. Chemicals are defined in science as substances that can occupy space and mass.
Many elements in Chemicals combine to form a specific substance. Industrial Chemicals are considered one of the most important bases of industry in any country. Each chemical is the result of a combination of several chemical elements, and the type of substance obtained varies according to the number of elements used.
Most industries in all products are dependent and need to use these substances. The food industry is typically dependent on food chemicals, which are also a group of industrial chemicals. Detergent companies also use industrial Chemicals to make their products.
Types of Chemicals
Chemicals themselves are divided into categories of chemical compounds, chemical elements, and ions. For example, water is a chemical compound because the ratio of hydrogen to oxygen is always constant.
Organic Chemicals are the same as industrial Chemicals that are a subset of chemistry. It is actually about carbon compounds. Today, the same organic matter can be obtained through industrial and laboratory methods.
The most important organic materials are oil and coal. The raw material of industrial Chemicals is organic matter. Industrial Chemicals are found in food and pharmaceutical grades and industrial grades. Naturally, the oral and pharmaceutical grade has a higher percentage of purity than the industrial grade.
Chemical Trade in the Middle East
The Middle East, with its vast hydrocarbon and mineral resources, is one of the largest players in this large market in Asia and even the world. Depending on the type and volume of the requested material, the purchase of Chemicals in the world can be done in different ways, such as a direct purchase from the manufacturer, purchase from reputable importers and sellers active in this field, purchase from the commodity exchange, etc.
Reports from these institutions show that the market value of this market in 2014 with the unprecedented growth of nearly 5.5 trillion dollars was recorded. In 2019, due to strict regulations on the effects of Chemicals on human health and restrictions, the production of some harmful Chemicals in this market decreased to $ 3.94 trillion, but it is predicted that by the end of 2024, with the increase in trading volume, we will see a growth of 1.8 percent in this market again.
The volume of the global chemical market will grow significantly with an approximate increase in sales in the next two decades, according to experts, the best time to enter the market of buying and selling Chemicals and its production and export. The production, sale, and purchase of Chemicals is a safe and efficient method with a definite profit.
That is why many companies around the world work in this field. Business activity in this field can be exclusive or public. For example, some companies operate only in the field of industrial materials, but larger companies have a wider and more diverse field of activity. Importing and exporting these materials is an active and profitable trade with a bright future because the whole world is witnessing the widespread use of these materials in various fields.
It can be said that all industries depend on chemical compounds to operate, and their supply is a basic necessity for any country. According to statistics, most of the materials imported to the Middle East in recent years have been from India, China, Turkey, and Germany, with the largest share belonging to China, followed by India, Germany, and Turkey, respectively. Imports and exports from these countries include laboratory chemicals, pharmaceutical grade, agricultural chemicals, and many more.
Compounds are used in industrial and manufacturing processes. Some of these industrial materials are used only in industrial production processes, while many others are used as ingredients in commercial products that appear in consumer markets.
The class of these industrial materials is very wide and includes a list of Chemicals such as solvents, reactants, lubricants, coatings, paints, inks, stabilizers, emollients, fragrances, fire retardants, conductors, and insulations.
Food and Pharmaceutical Chemicals
These materials are the basic building blocks of everything in the world. Food and pharmaceutical Chemicals are a very important group of these compounds that are related to the health of people in the community.
Today, the use of chemical additives can increase the shelf life of food, and a variety of chemical colors and flavors can make food more attractive and delicious. Also, these substances can be used to preserve and make food safer and eliminate many harmful microorganisms in foods or prevent them from growing.
Currently, thanks to the list of these substances, the pharmaceutical industry is also very developed, and with the help of these compounds, a variety of drugs can be produced for various diseases. Most drugs are precursors to chemicals. In addition to medical drugs, these compounds are also used to produce drugs such as heroin and cocaine.
Laboratory Materials and Nanomaterials
(Merck, Sigma Aldrich, Fluca) are a group of chemical compounds used in laboratory grades in industry, universities, and medical diagnostic laboratories. Merck, Sigma, Fluca companies produce the best brands of laboratory materials in the world. In Iran, laboratory materials are also produced in Isfahan, Tabriz, Mashhad, Karaj, Tehran, Shiraz, and Rasht, and they can be produced at a much lower cost.
Nanomaterials are Chemicals or substances that are produced and used on a very small scale (up to 10,000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair). These compounds are designed to display new properties such as increased resistance, chemical reaction, or conductivity. Nanomaterials are used in hundreds of products today, including batteries, coatings, antibacterial clothing, etc., and analysts expect the market for these materials to grow significantly shortly.
Nano-innovation will be seen in many sectors including public health, employment, and safety, occupational health, industry, innovation, environment, energy, transportation, security, and space. Nanochemistry is a new discipline that combines chemistry with nanoscience. Nanochemistry deals with the synthesis of structural blocks that depend on the size, surface, shape, and properties of materials. Nanochemistry is now used in the fields of science as well as engineering, biology, and medicine.
Types of Natural Chemicals
Natural chemical compounds can be solid, liquid, or gaseous. Solids, liquids, or natural gases may be composed of individual elements or contain many elements in the form of molecules.
Gases: Oxygen and nitrogen are natural gases. They make up a large part of the air we breathe. Hydrogen is the most commonly natural gas in the world.
Liquids: Perhaps the most important liquid in the world is water. Water, which is made up of hydrogen and oxygen, behaves differently from many other liquids, such as expanding when it freezes. This natural chemical behavior has a profound effect on the geology, geography, and biology of the earth and certainly other planets.
Solids: Every solid substance found in the natural world is made up of these substances. Plant fibers, animal bones, rocks, and soil are all composed of Chemicals compounds. Some minerals, such as copper and zinc, are made entirely of the same element, but granite is an example of igneous rock composed of several different elements.
Synthetic Chemical Compounds
Humans probably began to combine these substances before history was recorded. We know that humans began combining metals (copper and tin) about 5,000 years ago to create a flexible metal called bronze. The invention of bronze was an important event, as it made it possible to produce a huge variety of new tools, weapons, and armor.
It is a bronze alloy (a combination of many metals and other elements) and alloys were used as raw materials in construction and trade. Over the past few hundred years, a combination of different elements has led to the production of stainless steel, light aluminum, foil, and other very useful products. At present, synthetic chemical compounds have also transformed the food industry.
The combination of different elements has made it possible for humans to prepare cheap and flavorful food and preserve it for a long time by using chemical preservatives. Chemical compounds are also used to create a wide range of edible tissues from crisp to chewy and soft. Synthetic chemical compounds have also had a profound effect on the pharmaceutical industry.
By combining active and inactive Chemicals in pills, researchers and pharmacists can now produce the drugs needed to treat a variety of disorders.