Aluminum Ingots, billets, blooms, and slabs are four products in different dimensions and shape of their cross-section. Aluminum Slabs are used to make steel sheets, plates, and Producing high quality slabs of aluminum in the Middle East. An aluminum sheet is easily formed or bent using hand tools and its features are Non-corrosive, Easily machined and cast, Lightweight yet durable, Non-magnetic and non-sparking. Construction of guardrails for military centers and prisons, bus stations, truck and pickup truck floors.
What is aluminum?
Aluminum is a bluish-white (silver) metal. Although it is the most abundant metal in the earth's crust (about 8%), it does not exist in pure form and is obtained from mineral ore components. Aluminum is used in transportation, packaging, construction, electricity, etc. The unique combination and excellent properties of aluminum make it one of the most important engineering materials.
Pure aluminum lacks strength and is very flexible. But the alloy of this element with the elements of copper, magnesium, silicon, and manganese has many applications in various industries.
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What are the characteristics of aluminum?
High strength to weight ratio:
There is a combination of high strength and lightweight in only a few materials in nature. The high strength of some aluminum alloys is comparable to the strength of steel.
Ability to reflect light, aluminum Ability to reflect more than 80% of visible light rays and invisible rays that have a visible wavelength at both ends of the light spectrum. Non-sparking, although aluminum has a very high electrical conductivity, it does not produce sparks.
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What are the uses of aluminum?
Cans and packages
The use of aluminum in the body and top and bottom of cans is the most important use of aluminum in this part of the industry, which makes up 90% of it.
- Air conditioners, refrigerators, and freezers, and washing machines make up a large part of the total demand for aluminum.
- Refining and galvanizing steel
- Aluminum is used to provide various types of insulation and as a good heat conductor in the preparation of kitchen utensils.
- Aluminum is the second most conductive element after electric copper and due to the creation of very strong electrical lines, it is used to provide high voltage transmission wires.
- Bauxites are used in the preparation of cement and fixed paint
- Aluminum oxide powder in the form of bauxite mineral is used to prepare aluminum sulfate and sodium aluminate in water treatment.
- Aluminum sulfate is also used in the paper and textile industries.
- Aluminum alloys are widely used in commercial and military aircraft due to their high tensile strength due to their low weight.
- Aluminum is often rust-resistant and can be used for a long time.
- Although the electrical conductivity of this element is 60% copper, it is used in the transmission line industry due to its lightweight.
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Are the effects of aluminum harmful to health?
When the concentration of aluminum in the environment increases, it has severe effects on human health. Water-soluble aluminum is dangerous. Particles of aluminum that dissolve in water are called ionic particles, for example, aluminum chloride. Other ways to increase the amount of aluminum in the body are to breathe and make skin-to-skin contact with aluminum.
Aluminum ions react with phosphate. The reaction of ions with phosphate causes a phosphate deficiency in aquatic organisms. Groundwater, which is high in aluminum, damages tree roots.
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What are aluminum ingots, types, price and applications?
The monetary value of aluminum ingots is affected by some issues, which are discussed below:
This ingot is mostly used in the extrusion industry and can be produced in different diameters that meet international AA standards.
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What is the basis for naming aluminum alloys? How to understand the names of Aluminum?
These numbers indicate that in the manufacturing process elements have been added to the alloys and made a special group of these metals.
In some cases, T-category extensions have more than one digit, such as AA 224-T351 or AA 6061-T651, in which case the following should be considered. TX51 stands for stress relief after stretching after heat treatment of the first number (x number).
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What are the factors influencing the price of aluminum ingots?
One of the factors that are very influential in the price of ingots is the size and dimensions that are used in the manufacture and design of ingots.
- Sheet metal
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What is aluminum wire and where is it used?
As raw materials for the production of Aluminum wires and cables. The production stages of Aluminum rods include smelting operations, storage of molten materials, continuous casting by casting machine, and rolling stage by a rod milling machine. Finally, the produced wire is packed in a coil.
The difference between ingots, billets, blooms, and slabs of these 4 products are semi-finished steel goods (intermediate rolled steel products) that must be processed in one or more stages to become the final product. The difference between these products is in the dimensions and shape of their cross-section.
What are different types of aluminum products?
What is an ingot?
The length of this product is less than 2 meters and its dimensions are optimized for transporting steel and storing it. Its transverse cross-sectional shape is trapezoidal.
Note: Today, the technologies used in manufacturing the steel products in the later stages of obtaining molten steel, i.e. casting and rolling, are more or less the same. But to obtain molten or crude steel, various technologies can be used, including blast furnace (BF), arc furnace (EAF), and induction furnace (IMF) methods. Although most of the crude steel production in the world is produced by the blast furnace method, for various reasons, the use of the electric furnace method, especially in Iran, is more justifiable.
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What is Aluminum slab and its use?
Slab cross-section, unlike bloom and billet, is not square but rectangular (usually 230 mm thick, 1.25 m wide, and 12 mm long). Slabs are used to make steel sheets, plates, and so on.
Also, the great importance and application of this product in various industries have led to the observance of international standards in manufacturing this product from year 1 until now, and that is why by increasing the quality of slabs, this product has its market and also been found abroad.
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What is aluminum foil and what are its features and uses?
Aluminum foil is one of the most important and widely used products of aluminum metal. Aluminum with the atomic number 13 in the periodic table, after oxygen and silicon, is the most abundant element and the most common metal found in the earth's crust and makes up about 8% of the earth's crust. But it does not exist naturally as a metal.
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Ribbed aluminum foil and its applications
Ribbed aluminum foil is one of the most widely used examples of aluminum sheets. Due to the shapes and roughness of the surface of these sheets, they are called ribbed. The presence of these treads increases their resistance and friction, especially against slipping. The thickness of this sheet, depending on its use, is between 1.5 to 10 mm and therefore easily takes the desired shape.
Doormat aluminum foil and its uses
Another type of aluminum foil is the doormat. As mentioned, due to the anti-corrosion and anti-rot properties of this metal, this type is mostly used for bathroom doors in homes, hotels, swimming pools, etc. Also to prevent decay of wooden doors of bathrooms and toilets and in general doors that are exposed to moisture and are installed behind them. Hence, these are also called behind-the-door aluminum sheets. Another feature of this type is that it prevents environmental pollution and is easy to clean and washable.
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