Phosphoric Acid

WEST ASIA AND THE PHOSPHORIC ACID MARKET

PHOSPHORIC ACID TRADE IN THE MIDDLE EAST

Phosphoric acid, or orthophosphoric acid, is a triprotic acid that is a dense liquid. Evidence suggests that Hennig Brand (t), (1730-1730) in Hamburg, Germany, discovered phosphorus in 1669. Apatite is also the most important phosphate rock that is used to produce industrial and edible phosphoric acid. Food, Agriculture, Detergent industries use phosphoric acid for their commercial purposes. The feedstock of phosphoric acid production units in the Middle East is provided by the import of phosphate soils and petrochemicals.

What is Phosphoric Acid?

Phosphoric acid, or orthophosphoric acid, is a triprotic acid that is a dense liquid
Phosphoric acid, or orthophosphoric acid, is a triprotic acid that is a dense liquid

Phosphoric acid, or orthophosphoric acid, is a triprotic acid that is a dense liquid. This acid corrodes and irritates the human mucous membranes, skin and eyes. It is a colorless, odorless, clear liquid that releases flammable hydrogen gas when it comes in contact with metals. Pure Phosphoric Acid is white solid crystals with a melting point of 42.35 ° C. This acid is boiled at 158 ​​° C and its components are separated. When Phosphoric Acid is less concentrated, it is colorless, odorless, and a viscous liquid with a density of 1,685 g / ml (room temperature).

 However, this density when solid is equal to 2.03 g / ml. This acid is non-toxic and unflammable. The highest common concentration of Phosphoric Acid in water is 85% and the lowest for sale is 50%. This acid is best stored at a temperature below 30 ° C. At temperatures below 20 degrees, this acid becomes a very cold liquid and in many cases will not freeze.

Phosphoric acid is any chemical that is made up of a combination of the three elements i.e. phosphorus, oxygen, and hydrogen (in various proportions). The most common type of Phosphoric Acid is orthophosphoric acid with the chemical compound H3PO4, commonly known as simple phosphoric acid. This acid is arguably one of the most widely used acids in the food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical and especially agricultural industries.

Therefore, being familiar with its history, properties and applications in particular will be essential for technicians and enthusiasts.

History of phosphoric acid

Evidence suggests that Hennig Brand (t), (1730-1730) in Hamburg, Germany, discovered phosphorus in 1669
Evidence suggests that Hennig Brand (t), (1730-1730) in Hamburg, Germany, discovered phosphorus in 1669

It is not clear exactly who made Phosphoric Acid for the first time and when, but historical records date the first invention of phosphorus to German alchemical work. Evidence suggests that Hennig Brand (t), an alchemist and merchant of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries (1730-1730) in Hamburg, Germany, discovered phosphorus in 1669 and, like other alchemists of the time,  A brand looking for alchemy, kept his discovery a secret (like the alchemists before him), he tried to make gold using phosphorus (which he certainly did not succeed in). He used a liter of urine to produce about 120 grams of phosphorus!

Thus, the official production and discovery of Phosphoric Acid was delayed until the 1770s, according to official sources. Until two Swedish chemists, Johann Gottlibgan and Carl Wilhelm Schill, were completely independent of the brand notes, and succeeded in producing Phosphoric Acid from bone ash.

Shale succeeded in separating phosphorus from bone ash in 1774, and in 1777, by adding nitric acid to phosphorus, he produced phosphoric acid. However, some sources have confirmed that the initial production of Phosphoric Acid have been in 1694 by Robert Boyle with the dissolution of phosphorus pentoxide in water.

Phosphoric acid production

Apatite is also the most important phosphate rock that is used to produce industrial and edible phosphoric acid
Apatite is also the most important phosphate rock that is used to produce industrial and edible phosphoric acid

Phosphate rocks are generally available in the form of hydroxides and fluorides. Apatite is also the most important phosphate rock that is used to produce industrial and edible phosphoric acid. There are many impurities in this rock that can reduce the efficiency of phosphoric acid. These impurities also cause more corrosion of the materials.

In 1812, the company Quigent in Lyon, France, discovered a way to produce pure phosphorus by adding hydrochloric acid to the bone, which was fully produced by the French government until 1872, from which phosphoric acid, along with other phosphorus products, was produced.

It was during these years (1840) that the importance of using Phosphoric Acid in the agricultural industry as fertilizer and its applications in agriculture and physiology was discussed by Justus van Liebig in the book named Organic Chemistry. In the same book, the scientist referred to the insoluble phosphate in bones and minerals and said that by reacting this phosphate with sulfuric acid, a nutritious compound could be obtained for plants.

When in 1896 all buffalo bones disappeared from the American plains due to the production of phosphorus, Phosphoric Acid and other phosphorous products, companies are thinking of replacing bone with a more reliable source, and so they are turning to phosphate mineral ores. But before that, many of them went bankrupt due to rising bone prices. Today, Phosphoric Acid is prepared from phosphate rocks in two general and dry methods.

What are the industries that use phosphoric acid?

Food, Agriculture, Detergent industries use phosphoric acid for their commercial purposes
Food, Agriculture, Detergent industries use phosphoric acid for their commercial purposes

Food industry
Oral Phosphoric Acid is an important ingredient in the production of foodstuffs which is widely used as a flavoring in production of carbonated beverages.

This substance is very important in the food industry due to its availability and cheaper price than other flavorings. This substance doesn't cause major harmful to the body and is said to be of great importance for the body metabolism due to its phosphorus element.

Phosphorus is one of the vital elements needed by plants that is present in almost all plant processes. This element provides the energy needed to carry out the reactions that take place in the cells, so soils that are enriched with phosphorus cause plants to grow better. Phosphoric Acid is a good choice for agricultural fertilizers due to its phosphorus element.

Agriculture
Phosphorus is one of the vital elements needed by plants that is present in almost all plant processes. This element provides the energy needed to carry out the reactions that take place in the cells, so soils that are enriched with phosphorus cause plants to grow better. Phosphoric Acid is a good choice for agricultural fertilizers due to its phosphorus element.

Detergent industries
Water is always present in the washing process with a detergents alongside, the presence of various decrepitate such as gypsum, lime, organic compounds, etc. in the water causes hardness in it and after combining with variety of detergents They form insoluble sediments and eventually cause stains on clothes during washing.

Due to the different amount of these impurities in the components of detergents, Phosphoric Acid is used to soften the water, which prevents the formation of sediments and no longer see unusual stains on clothes.

Elimination of rusting
If steel tools are oxidized, Phosphoric Acid can be used to remove iron rusting and iron can be used in water-soluble phosphates. After solving this problem, the iron phosphate produced is converted to black iron compound, which itself can be a factor to prevent corrosion.

What is Phosphoric Acid?

Buy and sell phosphoric acid in Southwest Asia and the Middle East. Ask Your Marketing Questions About West Asian Phosphoric Acid

Phosphoric acid market in the Middle East

The feedstock of phosphoric acid production units in the Middle East is provided by the import of phosphate soils and petrochemicals
The feedstock of phosphoric acid production units in the Middle East is provided by the import of phosphate soils and petrochemicals

The feedstock of Phosphoric Acid production units in the Middle East is provided by the import of phosphate soils and petrochemicals.

Most of these manufacturers operate under the license and basic engineering of foreign companies with 100% private ownership. Countries' need for Phosphoric Acid as a raw material for the production of chemical fertilizers and livestock and poultry food supplement encourages Middle Eastern investment companies to build these plants.

These projects, with their high potential for development, can bring high export earnings if invested. Most Middle Eastern countries import phosphoric acid.

Due to the low production of Phosphoric Acid in the Middle East, the need for this product is met through its import. Imported Phosphoric Acid entered in the form of a seal in 20-liter (35 kg) packages and 1000-liter (1650 kg) storage tanks.

New contracts have been signed for the construction of Phosphoric Acid plants, but by 2025 these units will not be operational. For example, 250 million euros will be invested in this field by the National Iranian Copper Industrial Company. National Iranian Copper Company will need 1.2 million tons of phosphate soil annually to produce phosphate fertilizer.

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