Advances in the cement industry will lead to the production of cements with higher strength and durability along with cost-effective and energy efficiency. China is the major producer of cement. India is the next major producer after china and Vietnam is placed in the third position, United States, Egypt, Indonesia and Turkey are ranked fourth to seventh main producers of cement in the world. Cement is transferred in two form from factory to the consumers; bagged and bulk form. Bagged form t is loaded by especial cement transporting machine. Cement should be stored in dry environment. In this case cement can be stored for a longer period of time. Bagged cement should be free of lumps. Bulk cement can be used three month if storage favorable conditions rules observed.
What is cement?
Cement is a material that has the ability to stick sand particles to each other and is one of the most widely used materials in the construction industry by creating a solid and integrated body of particles as well as making concrete or mortar.
Cement is one of the most widely used materials in road and dam construction and generally in construction field. Cement usually is used as an adhesive mortar in all stages of construction works.
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What are the types of cement and what are they used for?
Portland cement type 1
is the same as ordinary cement which is available in white or gray. The white one is used in making concrete counterparts because in spite of its high price it has precise color consistency.
Different types of building cement in combination with water and the surrounding air will be fully integrated and will create a structure impermeable to water, heat and moisture.
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How will be the future of cement industry by 2050?
The middle of the present century will be a year of dramatic change in the fields of population, environment, technology, economy and society. In the meantime, the cement industry as one of the strategic and effective industries in today's human life will undergo dramatic changes. A look at these possible developments can show new horizons in the eyes of major players and enthusiasts in the field of industry.
Global warming and rising penalties for greenhouse gas emissions, the growth and development of technology in the fields of renewable energy, artificial intelligence and augmented reality, along with the increasing rate of urbanization in the world, are considered as important factors of change in the coming years.
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What changes will occur in the cement industry by 2050?
In addition to these issues, the world cement industry will undergo changes that will ultimately result in reduced energy consumption, reduced clinker use, reduced carbon dioxide emissions and the use of automation systems and information technology, which are as follows:
- Changes in the design of the separator, cyclone, fan and burner which will eventually lead to the control of exhaust gases.
- Increasing the role of digital technologies in controlling and troubleshooting of production lines, data analysis and monitoring (Big Data).
- Due to the "digitalization" of the production process, cyber security will become one of the requirements of manufacturing plants.
Automated systems will replace manpower, and the rate of direct employment of workers stationed in production units will decrease.
- Information engineers along with mechanical, chemical and electrical engineers will play a more significant role in the production of high-tech cement and clinker.
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High Tech Cement and Clinker
Advances in the cement industry will eventually lead to the production of high-tech cement and clinker, and cement plants using emerging technologies such as solar/electric heating systems, carbon-absorbing technologies, and carbon-free alternative fuels, recycled materials and optimal crushing technologies can provide cements with higher strength and durability along with cost-effective production.
With the development of many developing countries, projects around the world will move towards modernization and reconstruction.
In the meantime, considering the possible conditions, a number of cement factories in the world will disappear in history or will have to change their application.
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The world's top cement producers
Partial growth of cement increased from 4050 million tons in 2018 to 4100 million tons in 2019. China's cement production rate in 2019 was 2200 million tons, unchanged from the previous year. Thus, China kept the first place in the production of cement in the world. After that, India, with a significant difference from China, due to the production of 320 million tons of cement (growth of 20 million tons compared to 2018) continued to be in the place of second largest producer of this product in the world.
In 2019, Turkey faced a dramatic drop in cement production from 72.500 million tons to 51 million tons, which led to a decline in the global ranking of the country from seventh to eleventh.
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Loading cement for consumption and cement warehouse
The transfer of cement from factory to the place of consumption is done in two ways:
Cleanliness of the warehouse environment and related devices is essential. Moving parts of the silo should be cleaned of cement coating and the hopper should be cleaned daily so that these wastes do not pose a problem to measure the actual size of the cement.
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Which Storage cautions must be taken?
Special conditions are required for cement storage. Cement should be stored dry in the warehouse because cement reacts with water and humid weather can damage it. If the cement is stored in conditions without water and moisture, it can be stored for a longer period of time. The time of storing bulk cement in the warehouse also reaches three months in favorable conditions.
Cement bags should be 10 cm away from the ground and at least 10 cm away from the wall. Stacked bags should not exceed 10 bags. Do not use stored bulk cement unless stored in a silo equipped with a drying blower.
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Where is the first destination of Middle East cement exports?
India is first destination of Middle East cement exports. In the first 5 months of this year, more than 5,847,201 tons of cement have been exported from one of the major producing countries in the Middle East, the value of which reaches $127,990,959.
Cement produced in the Middle East has been exported to India, Afghanistan, Russia, Iraq, Qatar, Kenya, Kuwait, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Armenia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, China, Oman and others.
Iraq with $24,742,598 is the first importer, Kuwait with $23,375,870 and Afghanistan with $19,540,437 are the next highest importers of cement in the Middle East.
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