What is paraffin?
Paraffin is extracted in the petrochemical industry from oil or coal. A saturated hydrocarbon compound in which all the carbon atoms in a molecule are bonded together by simple bonds, and paraffins or paraffinic hydrocarbons are also called alkanes. In other words, these materials are characterized by the bonding of carbon atoms by simple bonds; other bonds are also saturated with hydrogen atoms.
Paraffin is a colorless, odorless, tasteless compound and a hydrocarbon compound derived from petroleum products. Contrary to popular belief, which limits the use of Paraffin to the candle industry, this useful compound has many applications in various industries. In general, Paraffin is divided into two categories: solid Paraffin and liquid paraffin. Solid Paraffin is often used in the candle, and liquid Paraffin is for industrial use. In other classifications, paraffins are divided into three categories in terms of application: food, industrial and health. Oral Paraffin is mainly used in livestock to solve digestive problems for livestock and in some cases is used in some human foods.
Solid and liquid paraffins play an important and undeniable role in various industries such as textile, rubber, insulation, adhesive, cosmetics and packaging, candle making as well as lubricants.
It is worth mentioning that the use of Paraffin in each animal of the mentioned industries is different, for example, in rubber production, Paraffin is used to prevent rubber cracking and in insulation to insulate against moisture and dust.
Discovery and production of paraffin
Paraffin oil was discovered in the 19th century by a German scientist named Karl von Richen Bach. This happened when he was working to increase the efficiency and refining of petroleum compounds in the petrochemical industry. Paraffin was used because it was much cleaner and safer than conventional oils in the candle industry.
The discovery of Paraffin gave a new impetus to the production of candles, meat packaging and the oil industry in the early twentieth century. Paraffin, which is a chemical substance, is made by refining a substance called slack wax, which is one of the petroleum derivatives and is also used in the production of engine oil. This substance initially has a lot of fat in it, which in a separate process, they separate these fats.
How to distinguish good paraffin from bad paraffin
There are many things that can be considered in buying Paraffin and first the use of Paraffin should be determined because the quality of Paraffin in each industry is determined by the use of Paraffin in it, for example in the Paraffin candle industry a lower percentage of oil is considered as higher quality, but this is the opposite in the lubrication industry.
In general, whiter Paraffin has a higher quality than milky and pale paraffins, and also having crystalline grains in the middle layers of Paraffin can ensure us to provide high quality solid paraffin.
Types of paraffin
Most contain about 3 to 5 percent of the oil in it, usually known as milky white, and as mentioned, it has a jelly-like state. It typically melts at 58 to 60 degrees Celsius and freezes at 50 to 55 degrees Celsius. In fact, this is why we have seen this substance in solid form most of the time.
It has a white and transparent color. This type of Paraffin boils at 175 degrees Celsius and evaporates at 265 degrees Celsius.
Application of paraffin
- Closed molding material coatings.
- Anti-mold agent, repel moisture and dust
- Compounds of corrugated wax used to capture surface roughness.
- Solid fuel for multi-burner rocket engines.
- foundry industry
- Friction reducer used for Indian rails and cement spaces and also commonly used in screen printing.
Ink is used as a base for solid colors and various color blocks in wax used in thermal printers.
- Prevent oxidation of polished steel and iron surfaces.
- Mechanical thermostat and actuator as a device for activation.
Putting on guitar pickups that reduce microponics caused by subtle movements.
- Compositions of lead wax used for ski boards.
- Thickening agent for many paintballs used with Crayola.
- Friction reducer in cement industry
Antioxidant agent: A mixture of Paraffin and micro waxes used in rubber compounds that prevent the rubber from cracking.
Antioxidant wax can be produced from synthetic wax, FT wax and Fisher Tropsch wax.
Glossy coatings used in candy making, but non-digestible despite being edible, are both disposable and facilitate disposal.
- Coating for different types of hard cheeses such as edam cheese.
- Seals of many cans and bottles.
- Chewing gum supplement.
- Micro wax: food additive and wall agent with number E905, E.
- In industry, the use of this substance is defined more than anything in the form of substances called lubricants.
A lubricant is a substance used to reduce friction between moving surfaces, making it easier and smoother to move on top of each other than normal.
- Making eyebrow pencils and colored pencils
- Wax bath for cosmetic and therapeutic purposes.
Moore moisturizer in cosmetics such as Vaseline.
- Coatings for wax papers and coatings.
- The presence of Paraffin in the candle makes the candle burn slower and have less tears, and it is cheaper to produce and manufacture than other candles.
Paraffin production in the Middle East
Due to the use of Paraffin in various industries, this material has sold well and at the same time many use it in various jobs. Although various companies in our country are producing this type of product; But it has been seen that some commercial companies import it, which on the one hand causes more trade and competition, and on the other hand, to the detriment of manufacturing companies.
The Paraffin industry is one of the leading industries in the Middle East, and with a significant share of annual exports, it has brought us a lot of foreign exchange earnings. Our Paraffin factories, with their proper management, are one of the most well-known exporters in the world.
Paraffin, a by-product of crude oil, is produced in the Middle East at a very competitive price. On the other hand, the very convenient geographical location of the Middle East makes it easy to transport Paraffin to other countries. According to these issues, Paraffin companies are trying to produce high volume and export Paraffin to different countries by launching solid and liquid Paraffin production line with different qualities.