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The name of these stones goes back to the source of their identification and introduction; to ancient Rome! The use of Travertine in the second decade of BC by the Romans established this stone as an excellent building material. After the widespread use of travertine in ancient Rome, the medieval cultural and economic crisis led to the general non-use of decorative stones. It was later in the Art-Gothic period that travertine was revisited. Between the Renaissance and the Neoclassical era, travertine, like other stone materials, once again came to the attention of architectural designers.
Roman Renaissance architects used travertine extensively in their designs during the Renaissance. According to the architects, travertine is an excellent material for the facade of buildings because it can be easily inscribed and cornered. The very pleasant appearance and technical properties of travertine make it an ideal decorative material for a variety of applications. Travertine, as one of the structural materials or similar materials for beautifying facades, floors and interior decorations, has a lot of flexibility and ductility.
Travertine is a calcareous rock, of chemical origin, typical of central Italy, among the oldest used in the building world. The colour of travertine varies according to the area of extraction, in fact, it ranges from milky white to straw yellow to dark dark brown or very dark grey and those coloured red or intense yellow which are mostly esters. The structure of the travertine is porous, cavernous due to the footprints of the plants incorporated by the rock during the formation, not infrequently in fact there are interesting formations of natural derivation such as pine cones, tree trunks, foliage or sometimes even animals. The history of travertine begins in the period of ancient Rome, the Greek geographer Strabo (58 B. We have news that initially the Romans, given the simplicity of transport and the hardness of the stone, preferred it and on some occasions substituted it for the much more used tuff as a support for the foundations of the works. it was used in the Roman architecture of prestige, both in civil and state buildings but also monumental, therefore it became a stone sought after for its excellent characteristics. In fact, under the Emperor Augustus, Roman Travertine was elevated to the rank of “noble” material, and was used in the most important parts of the city: from the Theatre of Marcellus (13 B. travertine was also used to make works where marble was used in the past. Because of its spongy and “hollow” nature, it was evident that a travertine column could never approach perfection in the grooves of a marble. The most important application of the lapis tiburtinus, in the period of ancient Rome, was the construction of the Flavian Amphitheatre, the Colosseum, a building that represents the maximum expression of Roman architecture as well as the largest amphitheatre ever built in the world able to hold from 50,000 to 87,000 people, where shapes and materials clearly express the characteristics of the Roman Empire, which can be found in the Palatine palaces, in the villa of Emperor Hadrian and in the Baths. After the construction of the Colosseum, the imperial architecture began to set aside a little travertine, preferring other materials more suitable with their chromaticity to the realization of increasingly sumptuous architecture. During the Middle Ages, the quarries fell into disuse because of the widespread custom of reusing finds, columns of ancient Roman buildings that were literally stripped and destroyed. The travertine, which covered them, was particularly suitable to be detached to make lime with which to build. After about 11 years of planning and various drawings, the architect gives the colonnade the shape of an ellipse, formed by 284 travertine columns of Doric order and eighty-eight pillars, are arranged in four rows with a diameter gradually increasing from the first row to the fourth and last row. The Roman Travertine chosen is that of Tivoli, in particular that of the Fosse quarry, because of the light colour and consistency of the stone. Nowadays, travertine finds great appreciation among architects and interior designers all over the world. Travertine is suitable for both indoor and outdoor use, and can also be used in very humid environments, such as kitchens, bathrooms or outdoors, both as flooring and cladding, and is also suitable for swimming pools, fireplaces or street furniture in general. Despite its important history, travertine also adapts to environments with a decidedly modern style, precisely because it has many finishes, from polished to polished, from rough to polished to the most modern laser processing. The company CIMEP TRAVERTINO ROMANO, founded by a new generation of the Conversi family, is an innovative enterprise that operates using new business models.