The value of a pearl can vary dramatically depending on factors such as type, size, color, surface quality, and more.
What is a natural pearl?
Pearl stone is a gem from ancient times and about 6 thousand years ago, which was used as an ornament by kings and nobles. Since 2500 years ago, there was trade in a vast country like China. Having said that, in order to know what pearls are and why they are so valuable, how they are created, what types they are, and whether there is a way to distinguish genuine pearls from imitations, we invite you to the end of this article with the worship gallery.
In salt water, pearls are found in oysters, while in fresh water they are produced by oysters. When a foreign substance, such as a food particle, slips into a mollusk, the creature protects itself by covering the irritant with layers of crustaceans. Cord is also a material that gives shine to jewelry.
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Natural pearl fishing in the Persian Gulf
Sometimes pearls, sometimes fish and shrimp, and sometimes oil have added to the economic importance of the Persian Gulf. More than a hundred types of fish are caught in the Persian Gulf, and this problem exists in very few seas in the world. The pearl of the Persian Gulf, as a very imaginative and practical material in the world of jewelry, is followed and studied by those interested in this field. Many critics believe that Persian Gulf pearls are the best examples of original and natural pearls in the world. The historical background of the Persian Gulf and human interaction with this ecosystem to reach valuable raw materials can be easily traced through historical books.
Until a century ago, the Persian Gulf was considered one of the most important centers of sea urchin fishing. The habitats of Iranian pearls were mostly in the waters around Khark Island, Kish Island, Lawan Island, Qeshm Island, the waters of Shibkoh and Bastane ports around the Bahrain archipelago. Throughout history, Kish Island was very famous for pearl fishing.
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The best natural pearls in the world
The most valuable pearls in the world belong to the Persian Gulf, and these pearls are caught in a completely natural and traditional way by local divers. Many believe that the reason for the brilliant shine of these shiny pearls is due to the combination of salt and fresh water and being close to land. But unfortunately, the natural pearl fishing industry was stopped in the early 30s due to the discovery of large oil resources and fishermen were looking for more profit. they went. In the end, due to overfishing of pearls, as well as the entry of oil pollutants and the pollution of sea water, it was destroyed.
Japan, Australia, Indonesia, Myanmar, China, Philippines, India and Thailand are also the major pearl producing countries. The waters of the South Sea near Australia, Indonesia and Myanmar are famous for having white and large pearls, and Japanese pearls are also famous for their shine and beautiful appearance. But despite the fact that Australian pearls are caught in the same waters as the pearls of Myanmar and Indonesia, this country insists on telling everyone that Australian pearls are better and better than the rest of the South Sea pearls!
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The difference between natural pearls and artificial and cultured pearls
It is very difficult to distinguish natural pearls from cultured pearls due to their similarity in appearance, and their specific weight is used for this purpose. The specific weight of natural pearls is usually less than 2.73, while the specific weight of most cultured pearls is higher than the above figure (of course, not all of them).
Regarding artificial pearls, it can be said that this model of pearls is made from hollow crystal grains. in such a way that they paint their insides with a substance made from the transparent and shiny scales of some fish. Then the inside of these spheres is filled with wax and with this method artificial pearl seeds are created. These pearls look so natural and beautiful that sometimes it is very difficult to distinguish them from the original pearls. It is interesting to know that today, China, by entering the pearl market and producing a large volume of artificial pearls, has caused serious damage to the natural pearl fishing industry in the Persian Gulf.
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Types of pearls
In general, we have two types of pearls: natural and cultured. The meaning of natural pearl is a pearl that is formed in the heart of nature and as a result of the accidental entry of stimulating factors into the oyster body. When a stimulus enters the body of a pearl-forming mollusk, the host organism secretes a substance to fight, which eventually leads to the formation of pearls. But in pearls grown in farms, the stimulus for the formation of pearls is manually entered into the shell, and the birth of pearls is no longer accidental.
The structure of cultured pearls depends on the type of pearl that is placed inside the oyster as the primary nucleus. Another way to distinguish pearls from each other is that cultured pearls are yellow under ultraviolet light and green under X-ray light. Pearls are produced in various types, shapes and sizes and are divided into 4 categories based on the place of growth (with salt or fresh water) and the type of shell in which they are placed, each of which has a special beauty and charm. have their own Next, we describe the characteristics of each type.
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How is the price of pearls determined?
The value of a pearl can vary dramatically depending on factors such as type, size, color, surface quality, and more. However, the value of a wild pearl is higher than a cultured pearl, and on average, a natural number is bought and sold in foreign markets from 300 to 1500 dollars. In Iran, the advertisement of all kinds of pearls is published on online buying and selling platforms, whose prices are variable.
- The brilliance of the pearl: the more light it reflects when the light shines on its surface, the brighter the pearl is and the higher its price.
- Symmetry: It is very difficult to find a pearl that is perfectly one handed and round, then perfectly oval pearls. Therefore, if such pearls exist, they will be very precious.
- Color of pearls: The color of pearls must be completely natural and pure. The rarer a color is, such as pink and orange, the higher its price.
- Pearl surface: If a pearl has a smooth and polished surface, it will be more valuable.
- Location: Natural pearls are more expensive than laboratory pearls. Also, open water natural pearls have the lowest price and South Sea natural pearls have the highest price.
- Size: It is natural that pearls, like any other stone, are more valuable the bigger they are.
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