Iran in the Middle East country has a strategic position in the Persian Gulf region, and the Strait of Hormuz to its south is a vital route for crude oil transportation
With the official name of the Islamic Republic of Iran, it is a country in West Asia. With an area of 1,648,195 square kilometers, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East. Iran to the northwest with Armenia and Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast with Turkmenistan, to the east with Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman, and the west by Iraq and Turkey is a border.
The Middle east country has a strategic position in the Persian Gulf region, and the Strait of Hormuz to its south is a vital route for Crude oil transportation. The total population of Iran's provinces exceeds 83.5 million and Tehran is the capital and most populous city of this country. Iran has a society with different ethnicities and cultures, and the dominant ethnic and cultural group of this country is derived from its Persian speakers.
Besides them, there are other ethnicities, such as the densely populated Azeri and Kurdish ethnic groups. The constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran declares Shiite Islam the official religion of Iran, and the majority of the people of this country are followers of this religion. Its official language is Persian, and present-day Iran is an Islamic republic with a legislature, and its combined system is under the leadership of its leader, Seyyed Ali Khamenei.
Iran is a founding member of the United Nations, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and OPEC, and is considered a regional power. Iran has significant infrastructure in the service, industrial and agricultural sectors that empower its economy, but it still relies on oil and gas sales and suffers from corruption.
Iran's natural resources are vast, and it is the third-largest holder of proven oil reserves among OPEC members. The cultural heritage of this country is rich and the UNESCO World Heritage List in Iran consists of 25 items.