Marketing in Middle East Petroleum Coke and Petroleum Market
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Petroleum coke has various non-combustible applications such as graphite electrodes, carbon electrodes or anodes in various industries such as Aluminum and steel.
At first it was tought only as a fuel like coal. Today, it is sold in two types, raw (green) and calcined, which is used as fuel because the amount of sulfur and ash is high and no other use can be imagined for it. This coke is used in Cement industry, water and electricity units, refineries and paper industries.
Because this fuel alone does not have enough volatiles to create a flame, 70% coal and 30% coke are used. In the cement industry, due to the presence of abundant sulfur in the coke, there is no need to add separate sulfur to the cement, which is a good fuel.
Medium quality Petroleum coke is also used as a carbon source in various alloy industries, which is considered as an additive. It is also used in the form of calcination, which is used in the industries of aluminum, arc melting furnace electrodes, graphite electrodes, and the production of titanium dioxide pigment.
The important and strategic point in this part is that the presence of sulfur causes rapid electrode corrosion and swelling, which causes rapid electrode breakage. Also, the presence of Metals such as nickel and vanadium in coke causes rapid oxidation of the anode in industry.