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What is chlorine?

MIDDLE EAST CHLORINE MARKET

Chlorine is a greenish-yellow gas and one of the most widely used halogens, its most important properties are high oxidizing power

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  • Afghanistan
  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Egypt
  • Georgia
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Israel
  • Jordan
  • Kuwait
  • Lebanon
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  • Turkey
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Yemen
Chlorine is a greenish-yellow gas and one of the most widely used halogens, its most important properties are high oxidizing power

Chlorine, which is a greenish-yellow gas, is one of the most widely used halogens in Group IV of the table of chemical elements, known as CL and atomic number 17.

Chlorine is highly volatile and its most important properties are high oxidizing power and ability to eliminate bacteria, fungi and contaminant particles in water and sewage.
Pure Chlorine is a green gas which is used not only for bleaching and disinfection applications, but also as an important part of organic material in industry and the production of Chemicals and plastics.

Chlorine is halogen and is in group IV in the periodic table. Chlorine gas is greenish-yellow, two and a half times heavier than air, has a very bad and suffocating odor and is very toxic.

This element is an oxidizing, bleaching and disinfecting agent. Chlorine, as part of table salts and other compounds, is abundant in nature and necessarily in most organisms.

Chlorine is toxic and dangerous, and safety precautions must be taken when using it. In general, today, this high-consumption material has become one of the most important and best tools used by humans that can be used everywhere.
Scientists have discovered the important properties of chlorine and chlorinated products as a result of decades of research. They found that chlorine played an important role in the production of safe drinking water, the production of medicines, germicides, and the manufacture of sanitary ware, other chemicals such as tear gas, and fire extinguishers.
 

chlorine (Cl), chemical element, the second lightest member of the halogen elements, or Group 17 (Group VIIa) of the periodic table. Chlorine is a toxic, corrosive, greenish yellow gas that is irritating to the eyes and to the respiratory system. The true nature of the gas as an element was recognized in 1810 by English chemist Humphry Davy, who later named it chlorine (from the Greek chloros, meaning “yellowish green”) and provided an explanation for its bleaching action. Apart from very small amounts of free chlorine (Cl) in volcanic gases, chlorine is usually found only in the form of chemical compounds. Natural chlorine is a mixture of two stable isotopes: chlorine-35 (75. 53 percent) and chlorine-37 (24. The most common compound of chlorine is sodium chloride, which is found in nature as crystalline rock salt, often discoloured by impurities. Other chlorine-containing minerals are sylvite (potassium chloride [KCl]), bischofite (MgCl2 ∙6H2O), carnallite (KCl∙MgCl2 ∙6H2O), and kainite (KCl∙MgSO4 ∙3H2O).

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