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So far, economically, there has been no extensive exploration of Iranian diamonds in the country. Recently, Diamond particles have been discovered in Sistan and Baluchestan province, which has increased the possibility of diamond mines in Iran. A limited amount of diamond powder and precious stones have been discovered in the White Mountain area of Saravan and Red Mountain in Sistan and Baluchestan province. The Geological Survey of Iran has no positive opinion in this regard but has not denied the existence of diamonds in the eastern regions of the country. According to this organization, the possibility of discovering large diamond mines in Iran with the capacity of large global mines is ruled out. However, some experts are optimistic about the possibility of diamond reserves in Iran, given the similarity of the region's lands with neighboring countries.
It is to mention that in the country of Afghanistan the reserves of diamonds and other Gemstones have been discovered. About the similarity of the layer of earth in the East of Iran and Afghanistan, the possibility of discovering deposits of diamonds in Iran as there is. India also from other countries in the region is that the mines of diamonds on the findings. Global Trade of the diamond in terms of the economy is much more valuable than other stones of the precious metals. Yet to be officially and extensively in the field of exploration of mining diamonds in Iran do not have. So far about 14 thousand species of diamonds are identified that in terms of quality and price are not equal.
Four factors of pricing the diamonds
- The purity of gem diamonds (natural mineral)
- Natural diamond color
- How cutting diamonds
- Large size and the weight of the diamond stone
- Treasures of the diamond in the Middle East
According to the latest findings of the survey in the crust of the earth, the largest deposits of diamonds are hidden. Diamond is net carbon that under the bearing pressure for millions of years form a transparent and brilliant gemstone. The largest reserves of diamonds in the country and the world are accessible. Results obtained from the radio waves and radiography of geo-systems of the earth are that the reserves rich in diamonds at depths of 145 to 240 kilometers lower than the surface of the earth in abundance. The world sits the mountain of diamonds, but the possibility of extracting it will not. In the current science on the world, a way to reach the mountain of buried diamonds is not found there. The largest mining diamonds only bit of the wealth enormous and that on the ground.
- The biggest diamond discovery in the world in the mines of South Africa are including:
- Cullinan diamonds with a weight of 3106 carats were discovered in the year 1905 AD.
- A big diamond with a weight of 995 carats was discovered from the mine in South Africa.
- Diamond with a weight of 530 carats that was well known with the name of Big African Star.
In these types of gemstones, we have mentioned. Diamond is the most widely used gemstone, commonly used in engagement rings. Diamonds symbolize the tenth and sixtieth anniversaries of marriage. The diamond is derived from the Greek word adamas, which means invincibility and eternal love. World famous gemstones. Kuh-e Noor diamond is one of the most famous diamonds in the world. The Diamond of the Mountain of Light was discovered in 1656 in the area of the ancient castle of Golkandeh near Hyderabad, India, and was eventually given to the Queen of England, Victoria, in 1850, after it fell into the hands of Eastern men, including Nader Shah. The diamond of the Sea of Light is the diamond pair of the Mountain of Light. The color of this diamond is pink and it is unique in this respect. Darya Noor, which is one of the oldest and most well-known diamonds in the world, is now housed in the Maliiran Jewelry Museum on Ferdowsi Street in Tehran. According to Iranians, the history of this diamond goes back to myths and legends. The value of this jewel to the Iranians is so great that during the reign of Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar and when it was defeated, it was taken from the constitutionalist who wanted to travel to Russia, but was once again returned to the government by the constitutionalist. This diamond has been the backbone of Iran’s rial. Diamonds and other precious stones are weighed in terms of carats. For example, the Kuh-e-Noor diamond weighs 109 carats (each carat is 200 grams of jewelry and pearls). The largest diamond in history has 3106 carats. Most famous diamonds are colorless. As mentioned, the diamond of the Sea of Light is pink, and the color of the Hep diamond, now housed in an institute in Washington DC, is garlic blue. Most diamonds look blue under black light. But the Hep diamond looks red under the black light. There are some famous diamonds that have disappeared for a while and have been on sale for years. An example of this is the 70-carat diamond eye of the idol. The diamond was stolen from an Iranian prince in 1607 and donated in 1906 to the Sultan of Turkey. The diamond was sold at auction in New York in the 1960s. Some rubies and emeralds are even more expensive than their own diamonds. Large rubies are the rarest gemstones, and large emeralds are almost as rare.