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Sulfuric acid, formerly called vitriolic, is a mineral acid composed of elements like sulfur, oxygen, and hydrogen, and its chemical formula is H2SO4. It is a colorless, odorless, high-viscosity liquid that is soluble in water and the reaction of combining it with water is very exothermic.
A few drops of concentrated Sulfuric acid can quickly destroy the linen by the dehydration process. The production rate of this substance in the world is so high that it is commonly referred to as the "king of chemicals". In fact, this acid is so important that its per capita consumption is one of the indicators of determining the technical progress of countries.
Sulfuric acid is a very strong mineral acid that occurs naturally in gases emitted from volcanoes and dissolves in water at any percentage. Its reaction with water is extremely exothermic, so the sudden addition of water should be avoided. Sulfuric acid has a high affinity for water, so that in reaction with other substances, hydrogen and Oxygen separate them as water. Sulfuric acid is corrosive and makes up the bulk of acid rain. Water droplets react with pollutants of factories and cars that are suspended in the air during rain and produce acid. Sulfuric acid reacts with metals, and the higher the temperature, the higher the reaction rate, but it has no effect on mercury or lead. Sulfuric acid is on the list of dangerous substances.
Sulfuric acid is a highly corrosive chemical compound , usually obtained in laboratories from sulfur dioxide. The sulfuric acid molecule is composed of hydrogen, oxygen and sulfur , arranged pyramidal with sulfur in the center and oxygen in the vertices. It is known as tetraoxosulfuric acid, hydrogen tetraoxosulfate (IV), vitriol oil, vitriol liquor or vitriol spirit. Currently sulfuric acid is available in numerous presentations and degrees of purity . The standard chemical formula for sulfuric acid is H 2 SO 4 , which means two atoms of hydrogen, one of sulfur and four of oxygen, arranged in a pyramidal manner. Sulfuric acid applications are primarily in the chemical and petrochemical industry, as part of obtaining other acids and bases. Finally, in many countries its commercialization is under strict supervision , since it is part of the chemicals commonly used in the manufacture of cocaine. Sulfuric acid requires care in handling and storage, since its contact with the skin, with the mucous membranes (by inhalation or ingestion), or with other parts of the body can cause irritation, burns or even total destruction of tissues , depending of the acid concentration. However, it is not flammable , per se, although in contact with metals it produces hydrogen that it is. Sulfuric acid is an oily, colorless liquid with a particular odor , depending on its concentration.