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Transportation Infrastructure of Lebanon


In total, for reasons of ‎the location of Lebanese as a transit point for goods between some farmers and the need for ‎transits some goods for Europe, Ian farmer Regulations and frameworks or in the fieldCustoms, in addition to creating a stable source of income, other countries need to be able toSome of the goods that are banned from entering Lebanon include the following:‎Drugs

Road, rail, sea, and airlines between Lebanon and the countries is ‎examined as a key infrastructure for the delivery of goods and commercial cargo

Lebanon has an extensive road network that connects major cities, towns, and regions throughout the country. The main highway is the Beirut-Damascus Highway, which links Beirut to the Syrian border. Other major highways include the Beirut-Tripoli Highway, Beirut-Saida Highway, and the Beirut-Tyre Highway. However, poor road conditions, traffic congestion, and lack of proper maintenance have been persistent issues in Lebanon.

Public transportation in Lebanon mainly relies on buses and minibusses, commonly known as "service" or "van." These vehicles operate on fixed routes within cities and towns, as well as between different regions. However, the quality and reliability of public transportation services can vary, and overcrowding during peak hours is common. Beirut also has a public bus system called "Beirut Municipality Buses," which serves specific routes within the city. Lebanon has several seaports that serve as important gateways for maritime trade and transportation. The Port of Beirut is the largest and busiest port in Lebanon, handling a significant portion of the country's imports and exports. Other major ports include the Port of Tripoli, Port of Saida, and Port of Tyre. These ports facilitate the movement of goods, including containers, vehicles, and bulk cargo.

Lebanon currently does not have an operational railway system. However, there have been discussions and plans for the revival of a railway network in Lebanon to improve transportation and reduce traffic congestion. These plans include proposals for light rail systems and commuter trains in the Beirut metropolitan area. Although the ‎road between the two countries is not closed, due to the distance, the goods traded between ‎other countries and Lebanon are currently transported less by land. The main road between Iran and ‎Lebanon passes through Iraq and Jordan, which is not reliable due to the unfavorable conditions ‎in Iraq. 

The other way is the route of Turkey and Syria, which connects Iran and Lebanon, and it ‎is a long way. For this reason, most of the transit of goods between the two countries is done by ‎sea. Iran and Lebanon both use rail transit within their territory and with neighboring countries. ‎But at present, the railways of the two countries are not connected and it is not possible to ‎transmit anything.‎

The Lebanese customs regime and foreign trade laws have been greatly facilitated in recent ‎years and the Lebanese government has imposed very low tariff rates on imported goods. ‎Lebanon does not show any levies on imports but implements a complex system of export and ‎import licenses. Its complex customs is an alternative to customs barriers, high tariffs, and ‎quotas which the country could establish for foreign goods. In Lebanon, the import of oil and ‎petroleum products by 20 local companies and import licenses or export can be transferred to ‎other branches. 

Merchants in violation of regulations, have to pay a fine to the customs and the ‎exporter and large quantities of consumer goods do not need a license. In total, for reasons of ‎the location of Lebanese as a transit point for goods between some farmers and the need for ‎transits some goods for Europe, Ian farmer Regulations and frameworks or in the field Customs, in addition to creating a stable source of income, other countries need to be able to Some of the goods that are banned from entering Lebanon include the following:‎

  • Drugs.‎
  • ‎Cars or vehicles are older than eight years.‎
  • ‎Guns, ammunition, and military equipment.‎
  • ‎Products that violate public morality and decency.‎
  • ‎Products were dangerous to public health.‎

Agricultural products are among the goods that the Lebanese customs clearly state many of its ‎items are specified for import to this country. In these fields, the following categories can be ‎provided:‎

  • Goods in need of seasonal license: Cucurbits, vegetables, Golabay, Grapes, apricots, and ‎wildflowers.‎
  • ‎Goods that need a license during the year: olives, pineapple seeds, onions and potatoes, and ‎silk cocoons.‎
  • ‎Prohibited agricultural goods: lemons, apples, bales, cherries, cherries, strawberries, plums, ‎almonds, and leafy vegetables.‎
  • ‎Goods in need other than those from the Ministry of Foreign Trade: wheat, base products, ‎olive oil, orange juice, sap juice, mustard seeds, and silkworm.‎
  • ‎Goods in need of a license from the Ministry of Industry: white cement, tar, oil, stone, fuel ‎oils, silk thread, electrical wires, unprocessed leather, industrial machinery, and equipment.‎

Goods in need of a license from other Lebanese ministries:‎

  1. Ministry of Health: Pharmaceutical items.‎
  2. Ministry of Environment: Chemicals.‎

According to Lebanese customs regulations, pharmaceutical and Food items must be labeled by ‎information, manufacturer's name, date of production, expiration date and do not carry the ‎goods.‎ Goods that are unlabeled due to violation of customs regulations. It is worth mentioning that ‎tobacco in Lebanon is one of the exclusive rights of imports and exports.‎

Taxis are widely available in Lebanon, particularly in urban areas. They can be hailed on the street or found at designated taxi stands. Taxis in Lebanon operate on a shared basis, meaning multiple passengers may share a ride if they are traveling in the same direction. Taxis can also be hired for longer trips or on an hourly basis. Lebanon has one international airport, Beirut-Rafic Hariri International Airport, located in the southern suburbs of Beirut. It serves as the main gateway for air travel to and from Lebanon. The airport offers both domestic and international flights, connecting Lebanon to various destinations worldwide. However, the economic crisis has led to reduced flight options and increased airfare.

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